S3C24XX CPUfreq support


The S3C24XX series support a number of power saving systems, such as the ability to change the core, memory and peripheral operating frequencies. The core control is exported via the CPUFreq driver which has a number of different manual or automatic controls over the rate the core is running at.

There are two forms of the driver depending on the specific CPU and how the clocks are arranged. The first implementation used as single PLL to feed the ARM, memory and peripherals via a series of dividers and muxes and this is the implementation that is documented here. A newer version where there is a separate PLL and clock divider for the ARM core is available as a separate driver.


The code core manages the CPU specific drivers, any data that they need to register and the interface to the generic drivers/cpufreq system. Each CPU registers a driver to control the PLL, clock dividers and anything else associated with it. Any board that wants to use this framework needs to supply at least basic details of what is required.

The core registers with drivers/cpufreq at init time if all the data necessary has been supplied.

CPU support

The support for each CPU depends on the facilities provided by the SoC and the driver as each device has different PLL and clock chains associated with it.

Slow Mode

The SLOW mode where the PLL is turned off altogether and the system is fed by the external crystal input is currently not supported.


The core code exports extra information via sysfs in the directory devices/system/cpu/cpu0/arch-freq.

Board Support

Each board that wants to use the cpufreq code must register some basic information with the core driver to provide information about what the board requires and any restrictions being placed on it.

The board needs to supply information about whether it needs the IO bank timings changing, any maximum frequency limits and information about the SDRAM refresh rate.

Document Author

Ben Dooks, Copyright 2009 Simtec Electronics Licensed under GPLv2