The HugeTLB controller allows to limit the HugeTLB usage per control group and enforces the controller limit during page fault. Since HugeTLB doesn't support page reclaim, enforcing the limit at page fault time implies that, the application will get SIGBUS signal if it tries to access HugeTLB pages beyond its limit. This requires the application to know beforehand how much HugeTLB pages it would require for its use.
HugeTLB controller can be created by first mounting the cgroup filesystem.
# mount -t cgroup -o hugetlb none /sys/fs/cgroup
With the above step, the initial or the parent HugeTLB group becomes visible at /sys/fs/cgroup. At bootup, this group includes all the tasks in the system. /sys/fs/cgroup/tasks lists the tasks in this cgroup.
New groups can be created under the parent group /sys/fs/cgroup:
# cd /sys/fs/cgroup
# mkdir g1
# echo $$ > g1/tasks
The above steps create a new group g1 and move the current shell process (bash) into it.
Brief summary of control files:
hugetlb.<hugepagesize>.limit_in_bytes # set/show limit of "hugepagesize" hugetlb usage
hugetlb.<hugepagesize>.max_usage_in_bytes # show max "hugepagesize" hugetlb usage recorded
hugetlb.<hugepagesize>.usage_in_bytes # show current usage for "hugepagesize" hugetlb
hugetlb.<hugepagesize>.failcnt # show the number of allocation failure due to HugeTLB limit
For a system supporting three hugepage sizes (64k, 32M and 1G), the control files include: