The Z85230 driver provides helper functions and tables to load the port registers on the Z8530 chips. When programming the register settings for a channel be aware that the documentation recommends initialisation orders. Strange things happen when these are not followed.
z8530_channel_load takes an array of
pairs of initialisation values in an array of u8 type. The first
value is the Z8530 register number. Add 16 to indicate the alternate
register bank on the later chips. The array is terminated by a 255.
The driver provides a pair of public tables. The z8530_hdlc_kilostream table is for the UK 'Kilostream' service and also happens to cover most other end host configurations. The z8530_hdlc_kilostream_85230 table is the same configuration using the enhancements of the 85230 chip. The configuration loaded is standard NRZ encoded synchronous data with HDLC bitstuffing. All of the timing is taken from the other end of the link.
When writing your own tables be aware that the driver internally tracks register values. It may need to reload values. You should therefore be sure to set registers 1-7, 9-11, 14 and 15 in all configurations. Where the register settings depend on DMA selection the driver will update the bits itself when you open or close. Loading a new table with the interface open is not recommended.
There are three standard configurations supported by the core code. In PIO mode the interface is programmed up to use interrupt driven PIO. This places high demands on the host processor to avoid latency. The driver is written to take account of latency issues but it cannot avoid latencies caused by other drivers, notably IDE in PIO mode. Because the drivers allocate buffers you must also prevent MTU changes while the port is open.
Once the port is open it will call the rx_function of each channel
whenever a completed packet arrived. This is invoked from
interrupt context and passes you the channel and a network
buffer (struct sk_buff) holding the data. The data includes
the CRC bytes so most users will want to trim the last two
bytes before processing the data. This function is very timing
critical. When you wish to simply discard data the support
code provides the function
to discard the data.
To active PIO mode sending and receiving the
z8530_sync_open is called. This expects to be passed
the network device and the channel. Typically this is called from
your network device open callback. On a failure a non zero error
status is returned. The
function shuts down a PIO channel. This must be done before the
channel is opened again and before the driver shuts down
The ideal mode of operation is dual channel DMA mode. Here the
kernel driver will configure the board for DMA in both directions.
The driver also handles ISA DMA issues such as controller
programming and the memory range limit for you. This mode is
activated by calling the
function. On failure a non zero error value is returned.
Once this mode is activated it can be shut down by calling the
z8530_sync_dma_close. You must call the close
function matching the open mode you used.
The final supported mode uses a single DMA channel to drive the
transmit side. As the Z85C30 has a larger FIFO on the receive
channel this tends to increase the maximum speed a little.
This is activated by calling the
. This returns a non zero error code on failure. The
z8530_sync_txdma_close function closes down
the Z8530 interface from this mode.