Table of Contents
This section describes the various runtime kernel parameters that affect the configuration of the kernel debugger. The following chapter covers using kdb and kgdb as well as providing some examples of the configuration parameters.
The kgdboc driver was originally an abbreviation meant to stand for "kgdb over console". Today it is the primary mechanism to configure how to communicate from gdb to kgdb as well as the devices you want to use to interact with the kdb shell.
For kgdb/gdb, kgdboc is designed to work with a single serial
port. It is intended to cover the circumstance where you want to
use a serial console as your primary console as well as using it to
perform kernel debugging. It is also possible to use kgdb on a
serial port which is not designated as a system console. Kgdboc
may be configured as a kernel built-in or a kernel loadable module.
You can only make use of
kgdbwait and early
debugging if you build kgdboc into the kernel as a built-in.
Optionally you can elect to activate kms (Kernel Mode Setting) integration. When you use kms with kgdboc and you have a video driver that has atomic mode setting hooks, it is possible to enter the debugger on the graphics console. When the kernel execution is resumed, the previous graphics mode will be restored. This integration can serve as a useful tool to aid in diagnosing crashes or doing analysis of memory with kdb while allowing the full graphics console applications to run.
The order listed above must be observed if you use any of the optional configurations together.
kms = Kernel Mode Setting
kbd = Keyboard
You can configure kgdboc to use the keyboard, and/or a serial device depending on if you are using kdb and/or kgdb, in one of the following scenarios. The order listed above must be observed if you use any of the optional configurations together. Using kms + only gdb is generally not a useful combination.
As a kernel built-in:
Use the kernel boot argument:
As a kernel loadable module:
Use the command:
modprobe kgdboc kgdboc=<tty-device>,[baud]
Here are two examples of how you might format the kgdboc string. The first is for an x86 target using the first serial port. The second example is for the ARM Versatile AB using the second serial port.
At run time you can enable or disable kgdboc by echoing a parameters into the sysfs. Here are two examples:
Enable kgdboc on ttyS0
echo ttyS0 > /sys/module/kgdboc/parameters/kgdboc
echo "" > /sys/module/kgdboc/parameters/kgdboc
NOTE: You do not need to specify the baud if you are configuring the console on tty which is already configured or open.
You can configure kgdboc to use the keyboard, and/or a serial device depending on if you are using kdb and/or kgdb, in one of the following scenarios.
kdb and kgdb over only a serial port
kdb and kgdb with keyboard and a serial port
kdb with a keyboard
kdb with kernel mode setting
kdb with kernel mode setting and kgdb over a serial port
NOTE: Kgdboc does not support interrupting the target via the gdb remote protocol. You must manually send a sysrq-g unless you have a proxy that splits console output to a terminal program. A console proxy has a separate TCP port for the debugger and a separate TCP port for the "human" console. The proxy can take care of sending the sysrq-g for you.
When using kgdboc with no debugger proxy, you can end up
connecting the debugger at one of two entry points. If an
exception occurs after you have loaded kgdboc, a message should
print on the console stating it is waiting for the debugger. In
this case you disconnect your terminal program and then connect the
debugger in its place. If you want to interrupt the target system
and forcibly enter a debug session you have to issue a Sysrq
sequence and then type the letter
you disconnect the terminal session and connect gdb. Your options
if you don't like this are to hack gdb to send the sysrq-g for you
as well as on the initial connect, or to use a debugger proxy that
allows an unmodified gdb to do the debugging.