# 3.1. Digital TV Common functions¶

## 3.1.1. Math functions¶

Provide some commonly-used math functions, usually required in order to estimate signal strength and signal to noise measurements in dB.

unsigned int intlog2(u32 value)

computes log2 of a value; the result is shifted left by 24 bits

Parameters

`u32 value`

The value (must be != 0)

Description

to use rational values you can use the following method:

intlog2(value) = intlog2(value * 2^x) - x * 2^24

Some usecase examples:

intlog2(8) will give 3 << 24 = 3 * 2^24

intlog2(9) will give 3 << 24 + ... = 3.16... * 2^24

intlog2(1.5) = intlog2(3) - 2^24 = 0.584... * 2^24

Return

log2(value) * 2^24

unsigned int intlog10(u32 value)

computes log10 of a value; the result is shifted left by 24 bits

Parameters

`u32 value`

The value (must be != 0)

Description

to use rational values you can use the following method:

intlog10(value) = intlog10(value * 10^x) - x * 2^24

An usecase example:

intlog10(1000) will give 3 << 24 = 3 * 2^24

due to the implementation intlog10(1000) might be not exactly 3 * 2^24

look at intlog2 for similar examples

Return

log10(value) * 2^24

## 3.1.2. DVB devices¶

Those functions are responsible for handling the DVB device nodes.

enum dvb_device_type

type of the Digital TV device

Constants

`DVB_DEVICE_SEC`

Digital TV standalone Common Interface (CI)

`DVB_DEVICE_FRONTEND`

Digital TV frontend.

`DVB_DEVICE_DEMUX`

Digital TV demux.

`DVB_DEVICE_DVR`

Digital TV digital video record (DVR).

`DVB_DEVICE_CA`

Digital TV Conditional Access (CA).

`DVB_DEVICE_NET`

Digital TV network.

`DVB_DEVICE_VIDEO`

Digital TV video decoder. Deprecated. Used only on av7110-av.

`DVB_DEVICE_AUDIO`

Digital TV audio decoder. Deprecated. Used only on av7110-av.

`DVB_DEVICE_OSD`

Digital TV On Screen Display (OSD). Deprecated. Used only on av7110.

represents a Digital TV adapter using Linux DVB API

Definition:

```struct dvb_adapter {
int num;
const char *name;
u8 proposed_mac [6];
void* priv;
struct device *device;
struct module *module;
int mfe_shared;
struct dvb_device *mfe_dvbdev;
struct mutex mfe_lock;
#if defined(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER_DVB);
struct mutex mdev_lock;
struct media_device *mdev;
struct media_entity *conn;
#endif;
};
```

Members

`num`

Number of the adapter

`list_head`

List with the DVB adapters

`device_list`

List with the DVB devices

`name`

Name of the adapter

`proposed_mac`

`priv`

private data

`device`

pointer to `struct device`

`module`

pointer to struct module

`mfe_shared`

indicates mutually exclusive frontends. 1 = legacy exclusion behavior: blocking any open() call 2 = enhanced exclusion behavior, emulating the standard behavior of busy frontends: allowing read-only sharing and otherwise returning immediately with -EBUSY when any of the frontends is already opened with write access.

`mfe_dvbdev`

Frontend device in use, in the case of MFE

`mfe_lock`

Lock to prevent using the other frontends when MFE is used.

`mdev_lock`

`mdev`

pointer to `struct media_device`, used when the media controller is used.

`conn`

RF connector. Used only if the device has no separate tuner.

`conn_pads`

pointer to `struct media_pad` associated with conn;

struct dvb_device

represents a DVB device node

Definition:

```struct dvb_device {
struct kref ref;
const struct file_operations *fops;
enum dvb_device_type type;
int minor;
u32 id;
int writers;
int users;
int (*kernel_ioctl)(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, void *arg);
#if defined(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER_DVB);
const char *name;
struct media_intf_devnode *intf_devnode;
unsigned tsout_num_entities;
struct media_entity *entity, *tsout_entity;
#endif;
void *priv;
};
```

Members

`list_head`

List head with all DVB devices

`ref`

reference count for this device

`fops`

pointer to struct file_operations

`adapter`

pointer to the adapter that holds this device node

`type`

type of the device, as defined by `enum dvb_device_type`.

`minor`

devnode minor number. Major number is always DVB_MAJOR.

`id`

device ID number, inside the adapter

`readers`

Initialized by the caller. Each call to open() in Read Only mode decreases this counter by one.

`writers`

Initialized by the caller. Each call to open() in Read/Write mode decreases this counter by one.

`users`

Initialized by the caller. Each call to open() in any mode decreases this counter by one.

`wait_queue`

wait queue, used to wait for certain events inside one of the DVB API callers

`kernel_ioctl`

callback function used to handle ioctl calls from userspace.

`name`

Name to be used for the device at the Media Controller

`intf_devnode`

Pointer to media_intf_devnode. Used by the dvbdev core to store the MC device node interface

`tsout_num_entities`

Number of Transport Stream output entities

`entity`

pointer to `struct media_entity` associated with the device node

`tsout_entity`

array with MC entities associated to each TS output node

`pads`

pointer to `struct media_pad` associated with entity;

`tsout_pads`

array with the source pads for each tsout_entity

`priv`

private data

Description

This structure is used by the DVB core (frontend, CA, net, demux) in order to create the device nodes. Usually, driver should not initialize this struct diretly.

struct dvbdevfops_node

fops nodes registered in dvbdevfops_list

Definition:

```struct dvbdevfops_node {
struct file_operations *fops;
enum dvb_device_type type;
const struct dvb_device *template;
};
```

Members

`fops`

Dynamically allocated fops for ->owner registration

`type`

type of dvb_device

`template`

dvb_device used for registration

`list_head`

struct dvb_device *dvb_device_get(struct dvb_device *dvbdev)

Increase dvb_device reference

Parameters

`struct dvb_device *dvbdev`

pointer to `struct dvb_device`

void dvb_device_put(struct dvb_device *dvbdev)

Decrease dvb_device reference

Parameters

`struct dvb_device *dvbdev`

pointer to `struct dvb_device`

int dvb_register_adapter(struct dvb_adapter *adap, const char *name, struct module *module, struct device *device, short *adapter_nums)

Registers a new DVB adapter

Parameters

`struct dvb_adapter *adap`

pointer to `struct dvb_adapter`

`const char *name`

`struct module *module`

initialized with THIS_MODULE at the caller

`struct device *device`

pointer to `struct device` that corresponds to the device driver

`short *adapter_nums`

Array with a list of the numbers for dvb_register_adapter; to select among them. Typically, initialized with: DVB_DEFINE_MOD_OPT_ADAPTER_NR(adapter_nums)

Unregisters a DVB adapter

Parameters

`struct dvb_adapter *adap`

pointer to `struct dvb_adapter`

int dvb_register_device(struct dvb_adapter *adap, struct dvb_device **pdvbdev, const struct dvb_device *template, void *priv, enum dvb_device_type type, int demux_sink_pads)

Registers a new DVB device

Parameters

`struct dvb_adapter *adap`

pointer to `struct dvb_adapter`

`struct dvb_device **pdvbdev`

pointer to the place where the new `struct dvb_device` will be stored

`const struct dvb_device *template`

Template used to create `pdvbdev`;

`void *priv`

private data

`enum dvb_device_type type`

type of the device, as defined by `enum dvb_device_type`.

`int demux_sink_pads`

Number of demux outputs, to be used to create the TS outputs via the Media Controller.

void dvb_remove_device(struct dvb_device *dvbdev)

Remove a registered DVB device

Parameters

`struct dvb_device *dvbdev`

pointer to `struct dvb_device`

Description

This does not free memory. dvb_free_device() will do that when reference counter is empty

void dvb_unregister_device(struct dvb_device *dvbdev)

Unregisters a DVB device

Parameters

`struct dvb_device *dvbdev`

pointer to `struct dvb_device`

Creates media graph for the Digital TV part of the device.

Parameters

`struct dvb_adapter *adap`

pointer to `struct dvb_adapter`

`bool create_rf_connector`

if true, it creates the RF connector too

Description

This function checks all DVB-related functions at the media controller entities and creates the needed links for the media graph. It is capable of working with multiple tuners or multiple frontends, but it won't create links if the device has multiple tuners and multiple frontends or if the device has multiple muxes. In such case, the caller driver should manually create the remaining links.

void dvb_register_media_controller(struct dvb_adapter *adap, struct media_device *mdev)

registers a media controller at DVB adapter

Parameters

`struct dvb_adapter *adap`

pointer to `struct dvb_adapter`

`struct media_device *mdev`

pointer to `struct media_device`

gets the associated media controller

Parameters

`struct dvb_adapter *adap`

pointer to `struct dvb_adapter`

int dvb_generic_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)

Digital TV open function, used by DVB devices

Parameters

`struct inode *inode`

pointer to `struct inode`.

`struct file *file`

pointer to `struct file`.

Description

Checks if a DVB devnode is still valid, and if the permissions are OK and increment negative use count.

int dvb_generic_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)

Digital TV close function, used by DVB devices

Parameters

`struct inode *inode`

pointer to `struct inode`.

`struct file *file`

pointer to `struct file`.

Description

Checks if a DVB devnode is still valid, and if the permissions are OK and decrement negative use count.

long dvb_generic_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)

Digital TV close function, used by DVB devices

Parameters

`struct file *file`

pointer to `struct file`.

`unsigned int cmd`

Ioctl name.

`unsigned long arg`

Ioctl argument.

Description

Checks if a DVB devnode and struct dvbdev.kernel_ioctl is still valid. If so, calls `dvb_usercopy()`.

int dvb_usercopy(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg, int (*func)(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, void *arg))

copies data from/to userspace memory when an ioctl is issued.

Parameters

`struct file *file`

Pointer to struct `file`.

`unsigned int cmd`

Ioctl name.

`unsigned long arg`

Ioctl argument.

`int (*func)(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, void *arg)`

function that will actually handle the ioctl

Description

Ancillary function that uses ioctl direction and size to copy from userspace. Then, it calls func, and, if needed, data is copied back to userspace.

struct i2c_client *dvb_module_probe(const char *module_name, const char *name, struct i2c_adapter *adap, unsigned char addr, void *platform_data)

helper routine to probe an I2C module

Parameters

`const char *module_name`

Name of the I2C module to be probed

`const char *name`

Optional name for the I2C module. Used for debug purposes. If `NULL`, defaults to module_name.

`struct i2c_adapter *adap`

pointer to `struct i2c_adapter` that describes the I2C adapter where the module will be bound.

`unsigned char addr`

I2C address of the adapter, in 7-bit notation.

`void *platform_data`

Platform data to be passed to the I2C module probed.

Description

This function binds an I2C device into the DVB core. Should be used by all drivers that use I2C bus to control the hardware. A module bound with `dvb_module_probe()` should use `dvb_module_release()` to unbind.

Note

In the past, DVB modules (mainly, frontends) were bound via `dvb_attach()` macro, with does an ugly hack, using I2C low level functions. Such usage is deprecated and will be removed soon. Instead, use this routine.

Return

On success, return an `struct i2c_client`, pointing to the bound I2C device. `NULL` otherwise.

void dvb_module_release(struct i2c_client *client)

releases an I2C device allocated with `dvb_module_probe()`.

Parameters

`struct i2c_client *client`

pointer to `struct i2c_client` with the I2C client to be released. can be `NULL`.

Description

This function should be used to free all resources reserved by `dvb_module_probe()` and unbinding the I2C hardware.

dvb_attach

`dvb_attach (FUNCTION, ARGS...)`

attaches a DVB frontend into the DVB core.

Parameters

`FUNCTION`

function on a frontend module to be called.

`ARGS...`

FUNCTION arguments.

Description

This ancillary function loads a frontend module in runtime and runs the FUNCTION function there, with ARGS. As it increments symbol usage cont, at unregister, `dvb_detach()` should be called.

Note

In the past, DVB modules (mainly, frontends) were bound via `dvb_attach()` macro, with does an ugly hack, using I2C low level functions. Such usage is deprecated and will be removed soon. Instead, you should use `dvb_module_probe()`.

dvb_detach

`dvb_detach (FUNC)`

detaches a DVB frontend loaded via `dvb_attach()`

Parameters

`FUNC`

attach function

Description

Decrements usage count for a function previously called via `dvb_attach()`.

## 3.1.3. Digital TV Ring buffer¶

Those routines implement ring buffers used to handle digital TV data and copy it from/to userspace.

Note

1. For performance reasons read and write routines don't check buffer sizes and/or number of bytes free/available. This has to be done before these routines are called. For example:

```/* write @buflen: bytes */
free = dvb_ringbuffer_free(rbuf);
if (free >= buflen)
count = dvb_ringbuffer_write(rbuf, buffer, buflen);
else
/* do something */

/* read min. 1000, max. @bufsize: bytes */
avail = dvb_ringbuffer_avail(rbuf);
if (avail >= 1000)
count = dvb_ringbuffer_read(rbuf, buffer, min(avail, bufsize));
else
/* do something */
```
1. If there is exactly one reader and one writer, there is no need to lock read or write operations. Two or more readers must be locked against each other. Flushing the buffer counts as a read operation. Resetting the buffer counts as a read and write operation. Two or more writers must be locked against each other.

struct dvb_ringbuffer

Describes a ring buffer used at DVB framework

Definition:

```struct dvb_ringbuffer {
u8 *data;
ssize_t size;
ssize_t pwrite;
int error;
spinlock_t lock;
};
```

Members

`data`

Area were the ringbuffer data is written

`size`

size of the ringbuffer

`pread`

next position to read

`pwrite`

next position to write

`error`

used by ringbuffer clients to indicate that an error happened.

`queue`

Wait queue used by ringbuffer clients to indicate when buffer was filled

`lock`

Spinlock used to protect the ringbuffer

void dvb_ringbuffer_init(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf, void *data, size_t len)

initialize ring buffer, lock and queue

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

`void *data`

pointer to the buffer where the data will be stored

`size_t len`

bytes from ring buffer into buf

int dvb_ringbuffer_empty(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf)

test whether buffer is empty

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

ssize_t dvb_ringbuffer_free(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf)

returns the number of free bytes in the buffer

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

Return

number of free bytes in the buffer

ssize_t dvb_ringbuffer_avail(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf)

returns the number of bytes waiting in the buffer

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

Return

number of bytes waiting in the buffer

void dvb_ringbuffer_reset(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf)

resets the ringbuffer to initial state

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

Description

Resets the read and write pointers to zero and flush the buffer.

This counts as a read and write operation

void dvb_ringbuffer_flush(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf)

flush buffer

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

void dvb_ringbuffer_flush_spinlock_wakeup(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf)

flush buffer protected by spinlock and wake-up waiting task(s)

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

DVB_RINGBUFFER_PEEK

`DVB_RINGBUFFER_PEEK (rbuf, offs)`

peek at byte offs in the buffer

Parameters

`rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

`offs`

offset inside the ringbuffer

DVB_RINGBUFFER_SKIP

`DVB_RINGBUFFER_SKIP (rbuf, num)`

Parameters

`rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

`num`

number of bytes to advance

ssize_t dvb_ringbuffer_read_user(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf, u8 __user *buf, size_t len)

Reads a buffer into a user pointer

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

`u8 __user *buf`

pointer to the buffer where the data will be stored

`size_t len`

bytes from ring buffer into buf

Description

This variant assumes that the buffer is a memory at the userspace. So, it will internally call copy_to_user().

Return

number of bytes transferred or -EFAULT

void dvb_ringbuffer_read(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf, u8 *buf, size_t len)

Reads a buffer into a pointer

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

`u8 *buf`

pointer to the buffer where the data will be stored

`size_t len`

bytes from ring buffer into buf

Description

This variant assumes that the buffer is a memory at the Kernel space

Return

number of bytes transferred or -EFAULT

DVB_RINGBUFFER_WRITE_BYTE

`DVB_RINGBUFFER_WRITE_BYTE (rbuf, byte)`

write single byte to ring buffer

Parameters

`rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

`byte`

byte to write

ssize_t dvb_ringbuffer_write(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf, const u8 *buf, size_t len)

Writes a buffer into the ringbuffer

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

`const u8 *buf`

pointer to the buffer where the data will be read

`size_t len`

bytes from ring buffer into buf

Description

This variant assumes that the buffer is a memory at the Kernel space

Return

number of bytes transferred or -EFAULT

ssize_t dvb_ringbuffer_write_user(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf, const u8 __user *buf, size_t len)

Writes a buffer received via a user pointer

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

pointer to `struct dvb_ringbuffer`

`const u8 __user *buf`

pointer to the buffer where the data will be read

`size_t len`

bytes from ring buffer into buf

Description

This variant assumes that the buffer is a memory at the userspace. So, it will internally call copy_from_user().

Return

number of bytes transferred or -EFAULT

ssize_t dvb_ringbuffer_pkt_write(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf, u8 *buf, size_t len)

Write a packet into the ringbuffer.

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

Ringbuffer to write to.

`u8 *buf`

Buffer to write.

`size_t len`

Length of buffer (currently limited to 65535 bytes max).

Return

Number of bytes written, or -EFAULT, -ENOMEM, -EINVAL.

ssize_t dvb_ringbuffer_pkt_read_user(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf, size_t idx, int offset, u8 __user *buf, size_t len)

Read from a packet in the ringbuffer.

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

Ringbuffer concerned.

`size_t idx`

Packet index as returned by `dvb_ringbuffer_pkt_next()`.

`int offset`

Offset into packet to read from.

`u8 __user *buf`

Destination buffer for data.

`size_t len`

Size of destination buffer.

Return

Number of bytes read, or -EFAULT.

Description

Note

unlike `dvb_ringbuffer_read()`, this does NOT update the read pointer in the ringbuffer. You must use `dvb_ringbuffer_pkt_dispose()` to mark a packet as no longer required.

ssize_t dvb_ringbuffer_pkt_read(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf, size_t idx, int offset, u8 *buf, size_t len)

Read from a packet in the ringbuffer.

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

Ringbuffer concerned.

`size_t idx`

Packet index as returned by `dvb_ringbuffer_pkt_next()`.

`int offset`

Offset into packet to read from.

`u8 *buf`

Destination buffer for data.

`size_t len`

Size of destination buffer.

Note

unlike `dvb_ringbuffer_read_user()`, this DOES update the read pointer in the ringbuffer.

Return

Number of bytes read, or -EFAULT.

void dvb_ringbuffer_pkt_dispose(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf, size_t idx)

Dispose of a packet in the ring buffer.

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

Ring buffer concerned.

`size_t idx`

Packet index as returned by `dvb_ringbuffer_pkt_next()`.

ssize_t dvb_ringbuffer_pkt_next(struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf, size_t idx, size_t *pktlen)

Get the index of the next packet in a ringbuffer.

Parameters

`struct dvb_ringbuffer *rbuf`

Ringbuffer concerned.

`size_t idx`

Previous packet index, or -1 to return the first packet index.

`size_t *pktlen`

On success, will be updated to contain the length of the packet in bytes. returns Packet index (if >=0), or -1 if no packets available.

## 3.1.4. Digital TV VB2 handler¶

enum dvb_buf_type

types of Digital TV memory-mapped buffers

Constants

`DVB_BUF_TYPE_CAPTURE`

buffer is filled by the Kernel, with a received Digital TV stream

enum dvb_vb2_states

states to control VB2 state machine

Constants

`DVB_VB2_STATE_NONE`

VB2 engine not initialized yet, init failed or VB2 was released.

`DVB_VB2_STATE_INIT`

VB2 engine initialized.

`DVB_VB2_STATE_REQBUFS`

Buffers were requested

`DVB_VB2_STATE_STREAMON`

VB2 is streaming. Callers should not check it directly. Instead, they should use `dvb_vb2_is_streaming()`.

Note

Description

Callers should not touch at the state machine directly. This is handled inside dvb_vb2.c.

struct dvb_buffer

video buffer information for v4l2.

Definition:

```struct dvb_buffer {
struct vb2_buffer       vb;
};
```

Members

`vb`

embedded struct `vb2_buffer`.

`list`

list of `struct dvb_buffer`.

struct dvb_vb2_ctx

control struct for VB2 handler

Definition:

```struct dvb_vb2_ctx {
struct vb2_queue        vb_q;
struct mutex            mutex;
spinlock_t slock;
struct dvb_buffer       *buf;
int offset;
int remain;
int state;
int buf_siz;
int buf_cnt;
int nonblocking;
enum dmx_buffer_flags flags;
u32 count;
char name[DVB_VB2_NAME_MAX + 1];
};
```

Members

`vb_q`

pointer to `struct vb2_queue` with videobuf2 queue.

`mutex`

mutex to serialize vb2 operations. Used by vb2 core `wait_prepare` and `wait_finish` operations.

`slock`

spin lock used to protect buffer filling at dvb_vb2.c.

`dvb_q`

List of buffers that are not filled yet.

`buf`

Pointer to the buffer that are currently being filled.

`offset`

index to the next position at the buf to be filled.

`remain`

How many bytes are left to be filled at buf.

`state`

bitmask of buffer states as defined by `enum dvb_vb2_states`.

`buf_siz`

size of each VB2 buffer.

`buf_cnt`

number of VB2 buffers.

`nonblocking`

If different than zero, device is operating on non-blocking mode.

`flags`

buffer flags as defined by `enum dmx_buffer_flags`. Filled only at `DMX_DQBUF`. `DMX_QBUF` should zero this field.

`count`

monotonic counter for filled buffers. Helps to identify data stream loses. Filled only at `DMX_DQBUF`. `DMX_QBUF` should zero this field.

`name`

name of the device type. Currently, it can either be "dvr" or "demux_filter".

int dvb_vb2_init(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx, const char *name, int non_blocking)

initializes VB2 handler

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

`const char *name`

name for the VB2 handler

`int non_blocking`

if not zero, it means that the device is at non-blocking mode

int dvb_vb2_release(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx)

Releases the VB2 handler allocated resources and put ctx at DVB_VB2_STATE_NONE state.

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

int dvb_vb2_is_streaming(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx)

checks if the VB2 handler is streaming

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

Return

0 if not streaming, 1 otherwise.

int dvb_vb2_fill_buffer(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx, const unsigned char *src, int len, enum dmx_buffer_flags *buffer_flags)

fills a VB2 buffer

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

`const unsigned char *src`

place where the data is stored

`int len`

number of bytes to be copied from src

`enum dmx_buffer_flags *buffer_flags`

pointer to buffer flags as defined by `enum dmx_buffer_flags`. can be NULL.

__poll_t dvb_vb2_poll(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx, struct file *file, poll_table *wait)

Wrapper to `vb2_core_streamon()` for Digital TV buffer handling.

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

`struct file *file`

`struct file` argument passed to the poll file operation handler.

`poll_table *wait`

`poll_table` wait argument passed to the poll file operation handler.

Description

Implements poll syscall() logic.

int dvb_vb2_stream_on(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx)

Wrapper to `vb2_core_streamon()` for Digital TV buffer handling.

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

Description

Starts dvb streaming

int dvb_vb2_stream_off(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx)

Wrapper to `vb2_core_streamoff()` for Digital TV buffer handling.

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

Description

Stops dvb streaming

int dvb_vb2_reqbufs(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx, struct dmx_requestbuffers *req)

Wrapper to `vb2_core_reqbufs()` for Digital TV buffer handling.

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

`struct dmx_requestbuffers *req`

`struct dmx_requestbuffers` passed from userspace in order to handle `DMX_REQBUFS`.

Description

Initiate streaming by requesting a number of buffers. Also used to free previously requested buffers, is `req->count` is zero.

int dvb_vb2_querybuf(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx, struct dmx_buffer *b)

Wrapper to `vb2_core_querybuf()` for Digital TV buffer handling.

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

`struct dmx_buffer *b`

`struct dmx_buffer` passed from userspace in order to handle `DMX_QUERYBUF`.

int dvb_vb2_expbuf(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx, struct dmx_exportbuffer *exp)

Wrapper to `vb2_core_expbuf()` for Digital TV buffer handling.

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

`struct dmx_exportbuffer *exp`

`struct dmx_exportbuffer` passed from userspace in order to handle `DMX_EXPBUF`.

Description

Export a buffer as a file descriptor.

int dvb_vb2_qbuf(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx, struct dmx_buffer *b)

Wrapper to `vb2_core_qbuf()` for Digital TV buffer handling.

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

`struct dmx_buffer *b`

`struct dmx_buffer` passed from userspace in order to handle `DMX_QBUF`.

Description

Queue a Digital TV buffer as requested by userspace

int dvb_vb2_dqbuf(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx, struct dmx_buffer *b)

Wrapper to `vb2_core_dqbuf()` for Digital TV buffer handling.

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

`struct dmx_buffer *b`

`struct dmx_buffer` passed from userspace in order to handle `DMX_DQBUF`.

Description

Dequeue a Digital TV buffer to the userspace

int dvb_vb2_mmap(struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx, struct vm_area_struct *vma)

Wrapper to `vb2_mmap()` for Digital TV buffer handling.

Parameters

`struct dvb_vb2_ctx *ctx`

control struct for VB2 handler

`struct vm_area_struct *vma`

pointer to `struct vm_area_struct` with the vma passed to the mmap file operation handler in the driver.

Description

map Digital TV video buffers into application address space.