2. Image Formats

The V4L2 API was primarily designed for devices exchanging image data with applications. The struct v4l2_pix_format and struct v4l2_pix_format_mplane structures define the format and layout of an image in memory. The former is used with the single-planar API, while the latter is used with the multi-planar version (see Single- and multi-planar APIs). Image formats are negotiated with the VIDIOC_S_FMT ioctl. (The explanations here focus on video capturing and output, for overlay frame buffer formats see also VIDIOC_G_FBUF.)