S3C24XX Suspend Support


The S3C24XX supports a low-power suspend mode, where the SDRAM is kept in Self-Refresh mode, and all but the essential peripheral blocks are powered down. For more information on how this works, please look at the relevant CPU datasheet from Samsung.


  1. A bootloader that can support the necessary resume operation

  2. Support for at least 1 source for resume

  3. CONFIG_PM enabled in the kernel

  4. Any peripherals that are going to be powered down at the same time require suspend/resume support.


The S3C2410 user manual defines the process of sending the CPU to sleep and how it resumes. The default behaviour of the Linux code is to set the GSTATUS3 register to the physical address of the code to resume Linux operation.

GSTATUS4 is currently left alone by the sleep code, and is free to use for any other purposes (for example, the EB2410ITX uses this to save memory configuration in).

Machine Support

The machine specific functions must call the s3c_pm_init() function to say that its bootloader is capable of resuming. This can be as simple as adding the following to the machine’s definition:


A board can do its own setup before calling s3c_pm_init, if it needs to setup anything else for power management support.

There is currently no support for over-riding the default method of saving the resume address, if your board requires it, then contact the maintainer and discuss what is required.

Note, the original method of adding an late_initcall() is wrong, and will end up initialising all compiled machines’ pm init!

The following is an example of code used for testing wakeup from an falling edge on IRQ_EINT0:

static irqreturn_t button_irq(int irq, void *pw)
    return IRQ_HANDLED;

statuc void __init machine_init(void)

    request_irq(IRQ_EINT0, button_irq, IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING,
               "button-irq-eint0", NULL);




There are several important things to remember when using PM suspend:

  1. The uart drivers will disable the clocks to the UART blocks when suspending, which means that use of printascii() or similar direct access to the UARTs will cause the debug to stop.

  2. While the pm code itself will attempt to re-enable the UART clocks, care should be taken that any external clock sources that the UARTs rely on are still enabled at that point.

  3. If any debugging is placed in the resume path, then it must have the relevant clocks and peripherals setup before use (ie, bootloader).

    For example, if you transmit a character from the UART, the baud rate and uart controls must be setup beforehand.


The S3C2410 specific configuration in System Type defines various aspects of how the S3C2410 suspend and resume support is configured

S3C2410 PM Suspend debug

This option prints messages to the serial console before and after the actual suspend, giving detailed information on what is happening

S3C2410 PM Suspend Memory CRC

Allows the entire memory to be checksummed before and after the suspend to see if there has been any corruption of the contents.

Note, the time to calculate the CRC is dependent on the CPU speed and the size of memory. For an 64Mbyte RAM area on an 200MHz S3C2410, this can take approximately 4 seconds to complete.

This support requires the CRC32 function to be enabled.

S3C2410 PM Suspend CRC Chunksize (KiB)

Defines the size of memory each CRC chunk covers. A smaller value will mean that the CRC data block will take more memory, but will identify any faults with better precision

Document Author

Ben Dooks, Copyright 2004 Simtec Electronics