Atomic Operation Control (ATOMCTL) Register

We Have Atomic Operation Control (ATOMCTL) Register. This register determines the effect of using a S32C1I instruction with various combinations of:

  1. With and without an Coherent Cache Controller which can do Atomic Transactions to the memory internally.
  2. With and without An Intelligent Memory Controller which can do Atomic Transactions itself.

The Core comes up with a default value of for the three types of cache ops:

0x28: (WB: Internal, WT: Internal, BY:Exception)

On the FPGA Cards we typically simulate an Intelligent Memory controller which can implement RCW transactions. For FPGA cards with an External Memory controller we let it to the atomic operations internally while doing a Cached (WB) transaction and use the Memory RCW for un-cached operations.

For systems without an coherent cache controller, non-MX, we always use the memory controllers RCW, thought non-MX controlers likely support the Internal Operation.

Virtually all customers buy their memory controllers from vendors that don’t support atomic RCW memory transactions and will likely want to configure this register to not use RCW.

Developers might find using RCW in Bypass mode convenient when testing with the cache being bypassed; for example studying cache alias problems.

See Section of ISA; Bits:

  WB     WT      BY
5   4 | 3   2 | 1   0
2 Bit      
Values WB - Write Back WT - Write Thru BY - Bypass
0 Exception Exception Exception
1 RCW Transaction RCW Transaction RCW Transaction
2 Internal Operation Internal Operation Reserved
3 Reserved Reserved Reserved