19. Vaio Picturebook Motion Eye Camera Driver

Copyright © 2001-2004 Stelian Pop <stelian@popies.net>

Copyright © 2001-2002 Alcôve <www.alcove.com>

Copyright © 2000 Andrew Tridgell <tridge@samba.org>

This driver enable the use of video4linux compatible applications with the Motion Eye camera. This driver requires the “Sony Laptop Extras” driver (which can be found in the “Misc devices” section of the kernel configuration utility) to be compiled and installed (using its “camera=1” parameter).

It can do at maximum 30 fps @ 320x240 or 15 fps @ 640x480.

Grabbing is supported in packed YUV colorspace only.

MJPEG hardware grabbing is supported via a private API (see below).

19.1. Hardware supported

This driver supports the ‘second’ version of the MotionEye camera :)

The first version was connected directly on the video bus of the Neomagic video card and is unsupported.

The second one, made by Kawasaki Steel is fully supported by this driver (PCI vendor/device is 0x136b/0xff01)

The third one, present in recent (more or less last year) Picturebooks (C1M* models), is not supported. The manufacturer has given the specs to the developers under a NDA (which allows the development of a GPL driver however), but things are not moving very fast (see http://r-engine.sourceforge.net/) (PCI vendor/device is 0x10cf/0x2011).

There is a forth model connected on the USB bus in TR1* Vaio laptops. This camera is not supported at all by the current driver, in fact little information if any is available for this camera (USB vendor/device is 0x054c/0x0107).

19.2. Driver options

Several options can be passed to the meye driver using the standard module argument syntax (<param>=<value> when passing the option to the module or meye.<param>=<value> on the kernel boot line when meye is statically linked into the kernel). Those options are:

gbuffers:       number of capture buffers, default is 2 (32 max)

gbufsize:       size of each capture buffer, default is 614400

video_nr:       video device to register (0 = /dev/video0, etc)

19.3. Module use

In order to automatically load the meye module on use, you can put those lines in your /etc/modprobe.d/meye.conf file:

alias char-major-81 videodev
alias char-major-81-0 meye
options meye gbuffers=32

19.4. Usage:

xawtv >= 3.49 (<http://bytesex.org/xawtv/>)
        for display and uncompressed video capture:

                xawtv -c /dev/video0 -geometry 640x480
                xawtv -c /dev/video0 -geometry 320x240

motioneye (<http://popies.net/meye/>)
        for getting ppm or jpg snapshots, mjpeg video

19.5. Private API

The driver supports frame grabbing with the video4linux API, so all video4linux tools (like xawtv) should work with this driver.

Besides the video4linux interface, the driver has a private interface for accessing the Motion Eye extended parameters (camera sharpness, agc, video framerate), the snapshot and the MJPEG capture facilities.

This interface consists of several ioctls (prototypes and structures can be found in include/linux/meye.h):

Get and set the extended parameters of the motion eye camera. The user should always query the current parameters with MEYEIOC_G_PARAMS, change what he likes and then issue the MEYEIOC_S_PARAMS call (checking for -EINVAL). The extended parameters are described by the meye_params structure.
Queue a buffer for capture (the buffers must have been obtained with a VIDIOCGMBUF call and mmap’ed by the application). The argument to MEYEIOC_QBUF_CAPT is the buffer number to queue (or -1 to end capture). The first call to MEYEIOC_QBUF_CAPT starts the streaming capture.
Takes as an argument the buffer number you want to sync. This ioctl blocks until the buffer is filled and ready for the application to use. It returns the buffer size.
Takes a snapshot in an uncompressed or compressed jpeg format. This ioctl blocks until the snapshot is done and returns (for jpeg snapshot) the size of the image. The image data is available from the first mmap’ed buffer.

Look at the ‘motioneye’ application code for an actual example.

19.6. Bugs / Todo

  • ‘motioneye’ still uses the meye private v4l1 API extensions.