2.7.18. V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV420M (‘YM12’), V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU420M (‘YM21’)

V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU420M Variation of V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV420 and V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU420 with planes non contiguous in memory. Description

This is a multi-planar format, as opposed to a packed format. The three components are separated into three sub-images or planes.

The Y plane is first. The Y plane has one byte per pixel. For V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV420M the Cb data constitutes the second plane which is half the width and half the height of the Y plane (and of the image). Each Cb belongs to four pixels, a two-by-two square of the image. For example, Cb0 belongs to Y’00, Y’01, Y’10, and Y’11. The Cr data, just like the Cb plane, is in the third plane.

V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU420M is the same except the Cr data is stored in the second plane and the Cb data in the third plane.

If the Y plane has pad bytes after each row, then the Cb and Cr planes have half as many pad bytes after their rows. In other words, two Cx rows (including padding) is exactly as long as one Y row (including padding).

V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV420M and V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU420M are intended to be used only in drivers and applications that support the multi-planar API, described in Single- and multi-planar APIs.

Byte Order. Each cell is one byte.

start0 + 0: Y’00 Y’01 Y’02 Y’03
start0 + 4: Y’10 Y’11 Y’12 Y’13
start0 + 8: Y’20 Y’21 Y’22 Y’23
start0 + 12: Y’30 Y’31 Y’32 Y’33
start1 + 0: Cb00 Cb01
start1 + 2: Cb10 Cb11
start2 + 0: Cr00 Cr01
start2 + 2: Cr10 Cr11

Color Sample Location:

  0   1   2   3
0 Y   Y   Y   Y
    C       C  
1 Y   Y   Y   Y
2 Y   Y   Y   Y
    C       C  
3 Y   Y   Y   Y