7.24.1. Name

VIDIOC_G_CROP - VIDIOC_S_CROP - Get or set the current cropping rectangle

7.24.2. Synopsis

int ioctl(int fd, VIDIOC_G_CROP, struct v4l2_crop *argp)
int ioctl(int fd, VIDIOC_S_CROP, const struct v4l2_crop *argp)

7.24.3. Arguments

File descriptor returned by open().
Pointer to struct v4l2_crop.

7.24.4. Description

To query the cropping rectangle size and position applications set the type field of a struct v4l2_crop structure to the respective buffer (stream) type and call the VIDIOC_G_CROP ioctl with a pointer to this structure. The driver fills the rest of the structure or returns the EINVAL error code if cropping is not supported.

To change the cropping rectangle applications initialize the type and struct v4l2_rect substructure named c of a v4l2_crop structure and call the VIDIOC_S_CROP ioctl with a pointer to this structure.

The driver first adjusts the requested dimensions against hardware limits, i. e. the bounds given by the capture/output window, and it rounds to the closest possible values of horizontal and vertical offset, width and height. In particular the driver must round the vertical offset of the cropping rectangle to frame lines modulo two, such that the field order cannot be confused.

Second the driver adjusts the image size (the opposite rectangle of the scaling process, source or target depending on the data direction) to the closest size possible while maintaining the current horizontal and vertical scaling factor.

Finally the driver programs the hardware with the actual cropping and image parameters. VIDIOC_S_CROP is a write-only ioctl, it does not return the actual parameters. To query them applications must call VIDIOC_G_CROP and ioctl VIDIOC_G_FMT, VIDIOC_S_FMT, VIDIOC_TRY_FMT. When the parameters are unsuitable the application may modify the cropping or image parameters and repeat the cycle until satisfactory parameters have been negotiated.

When cropping is not supported then no parameters are changed and VIDIOC_S_CROP returns the EINVAL error code.

struct v4l2_crop
__u32 type Type of the data stream, set by the application. Only these types are valid here: V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE, V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE_MPLANE, V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT, V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT_MPLANE and V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OVERLAY. See v4l2_buf_type and the note below.
struct v4l2_rect c Cropping rectangle. The same co-ordinate system as for struct v4l2_cropcap bounds is used.


Unfortunately in the case of multiplanar buffer types (V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE_MPLANE and V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT_MPLANE) this API was messed up with regards to how the v4l2_crop type field should be filled in. Some drivers only accepted the _MPLANE buffer type while other drivers only accepted a non-multiplanar buffer type (i.e. without the _MPLANE at the end).

Starting with kernel 4.13 both variations are allowed.

7.24.5. Return Value

On success 0 is returned, on error -1 and the errno variable is set appropriately. The generic error codes are described at the Generic Error Codes chapter.

Cropping is not supported for this input or output.