Kernel driver pcf8591¶
Addresses scanned: none
Datasheet: Publicly available at the NXP website
Aurelien Jarno <email@example.com>
valuable contributions by Jan M. Sendler <firstname.lastname@example.org>,
Jean Delvare <email@example.com>
The PCF8591 is an 8-bit A/D and D/A converter (4 analog inputs and one analog output) for the I2C bus produced by Philips Semiconductors (now NXP). It is designed to provide a byte I2C interface to up to 4 separate devices.
The PCF8591 has 4 analog inputs programmable as single-ended or differential inputs:
- mode 0four single ended inputs
Pins AIN0 to AIN3 are single ended inputs for channels 0 to 3
- mode 1three differential inputs
Pins AIN3 is the common negative differential input Pins AIN0 to AIN2 are positive differential inputs for channels 0 to 2
- mode 2single ended and differential mixed
Pins AIN0 and AIN1 are single ended inputs for channels 0 and 1 Pins AIN2 is the positive differential input for channel 3 Pins AIN3 is the negative differential input for channel 3
- mode 3two differential inputs
Pins AIN0 is the positive differential input for channel 0 Pins AIN1 is the negative differential input for channel 0 Pins AIN2 is the positive differential input for channel 1 Pins AIN3 is the negative differential input for channel 1
See the datasheet for details.
Analog input mode:
0 = four single ended inputs
1 = three differential inputs
2 = single ended and differential mixed
3 = two differential inputs
Accessing PCF8591 via /sys interface¶
The PCF8591 is plainly impossible to detect! Thus the driver won’t even try. You have to explicitly instantiate the device at the relevant address (in the interval [0x48..0x4f]) either through platform data, or using the sysfs interface. See How to instantiate I2C devices for details.
Directories are being created for each instantiated PCF8591:
where <0> is the bus the chip is connected to (e. g. i2c-0) and <1> the chip address ([48..4f])
Inside these directories, there are such files:
in0_input, in1_input, in2_input, in3_input, out0_enable, out0_output, name
Name contains chip name.
The in0_input, in1_input, in2_input and in3_input files are RO. Reading gives the value of the corresponding channel. Depending on the current analog inputs configuration, files in2_input and in3_input may not exist. Values range from 0 to 255 for single ended inputs and -128 to +127 for differential inputs (8-bit ADC).
The out0_enable file is RW. Reading gives “1” for analog output enabled and “0” for analog output disabled. Writing accepts “0” and “1” accordingly.
The out0_output file is RW. Writing a number between 0 and 255 (8-bit DAC), send the value to the digital-to-analog converter. Note that a voltage will only appears on AOUT pin if aout0_enable equals 1. Reading returns the last value written.