1.2. Querying Capabilities¶
Because V4L2 covers a wide variety of devices not all aspects of the API are equally applicable to all types of devices. Furthermore devices of the same type have different capabilities and this specification permits the omission of a few complicated and less important parts of the API.
The ioctl VIDIOC_QUERYCAP ioctl is available to check if the kernel device is compatible with this specification, and to query the functions and I/O methods supported by the device.
Starting with kernel version 3.1, ioctl VIDIOC_QUERYCAP
will return the V4L2 API version used by the driver, with generally
matches the Kernel version. There’s no need of using
ioctl VIDIOC_QUERYCAP to check if a specific ioctl
is supported, the V4L2 core now returns
ENOTTY if a driver doesn’t
provide support for an ioctl.
Other features can be queried by calling the respective ioctl, for example ioctl VIDIOC_ENUMINPUT to learn about the number, types and names of video connectors on the device. Although abstraction is a major objective of this API, the ioctl VIDIOC_QUERYCAP ioctl also allows driver specific applications to reliably identify the driver.
All V4L2 drivers must support ioctl VIDIOC_QUERYCAP. Applications should always call this ioctl after opening the device.