8.24. ioctl VIDIOC_G_CROP, VIDIOC_S_CROP¶
VIDIOC_G_CROP - VIDIOC_S_CROP - Get or set the current cropping rectangle
To query the cropping rectangle size and position applications set the
type field of a struct
v4l2_crop structure to the
respective buffer (stream) type and call the VIDIOC_G_CROP ioctl
with a pointer to this structure. The driver fills the rest of the
structure or returns the
EINVAL error code if cropping is not supported.
Do not use the multiplanar buffer types. Use
V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE instead of
V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE_MPLANE and use
V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT instead of
The driver first adjusts the requested dimensions against hardware limits, i. e. the bounds given by the capture/output window, and it rounds to the closest possible values of horizontal and vertical offset, width and height. In particular the driver must round the vertical offset of the cropping rectangle to frame lines modulo two, such that the field order cannot be confused.
Second the driver adjusts the image size (the opposite rectangle of the scaling process, source or target depending on the data direction) to the closest size possible while maintaining the current horizontal and vertical scaling factor.
Finally the driver programs the hardware with the actual cropping and image parameters. VIDIOC_S_CROP is a write-only ioctl, it does not return the actual parameters. To query them applications must call VIDIOC_G_CROP and ioctl VIDIOC_G_FMT, VIDIOC_S_FMT, VIDIOC_TRY_FMT. When the parameters are unsuitable the application may modify the cropping or image parameters and repeat the cycle until satisfactory parameters have been negotiated.
When cropping is not supported then no parameters are changed and
VIDIOC_S_CROP returns the
EINVAL error code.
||Type of the data stream, set by the application. Only these types
are valid here:
||Cropping rectangle. The same co-ordinate system as for struct