Linux Security Module Development

Based on https://lkml.org/lkml/2007/10/26/215, a new LSM is accepted into the kernel when its intent (a description of what it tries to protect against and in what cases one would expect to use it) has been appropriately documented in Documentation/admin-guide/LSM/. This allows an LSM's code to be easily compared to its goals, and so that end users and distros can make a more informed decision about which LSMs suit their requirements.

For extensive documentation on the available LSM hook interfaces, please see include/linux/lsm_hooks.h and associated structures:

union security_list_options

Linux Security Module hook function list

Definition

union security_list_options {
  int (*binder_set_context_mgr)(struct task_struct *mgr);
  int (*binder_transaction)(struct task_struct *from, struct task_struct *to);
  int (*binder_transfer_binder)(struct task_struct *from, struct task_struct *to);
  int (*binder_transfer_file)(struct task_struct *from,struct task_struct *to, struct file *file);
  int (*ptrace_access_check)(struct task_struct *child, unsigned int mode);
  int (*ptrace_traceme)(struct task_struct *parent);
  int (*capget)(struct task_struct *target, kernel_cap_t *effective, kernel_cap_t *inheritable, kernel_cap_t *permitted);
  int (*capset)(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old,const kernel_cap_t *effective,const kernel_cap_t *inheritable, const kernel_cap_t *permitted);
  int (*capable)(const struct cred *cred,struct user_namespace *ns,int cap, unsigned int opts);
  int (*quotactl)(int cmds, int type, int id, struct super_block *sb);
  int (*quota_on)(struct dentry *dentry);
  int (*syslog)(int type);
  int (*settime)(const struct timespec64 *ts, const struct timezone *tz);
  int (*vm_enough_memory)(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages);
  int (*bprm_set_creds)(struct linux_binprm *bprm);
  int (*bprm_check_security)(struct linux_binprm *bprm);
  void (*bprm_committing_creds)(struct linux_binprm *bprm);
  void (*bprm_committed_creds)(struct linux_binprm *bprm);
  int (*fs_context_dup)(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_context *src_sc);
  int (*fs_context_parse_param)(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param);
  int (*sb_alloc_security)(struct super_block *sb);
  void (*sb_free_security)(struct super_block *sb);
  void (*sb_free_mnt_opts)(void *mnt_opts);
  int (*sb_eat_lsm_opts)(char *orig, void **mnt_opts);
  int (*sb_remount)(struct super_block *sb, void *mnt_opts);
  int (*sb_kern_mount)(struct super_block *sb);
  int (*sb_show_options)(struct seq_file *m, struct super_block *sb);
  int (*sb_statfs)(struct dentry *dentry);
  int (*sb_mount)(const char *dev_name, const struct path *path, const char *type, unsigned long flags, void *data);
  int (*sb_umount)(struct vfsmount *mnt, int flags);
  int (*sb_pivotroot)(const struct path *old_path, const struct path *new_path);
  int (*sb_set_mnt_opts)(struct super_block *sb,void *mnt_opts,unsigned long kern_flags, unsigned long *set_kern_flags);
  int (*sb_clone_mnt_opts)(const struct super_block *oldsb,struct super_block *newsb,unsigned long kern_flags, unsigned long *set_kern_flags);
  int (*sb_add_mnt_opt)(const char *option, const char *val, int len, void **mnt_opts);
  int (*move_mount)(const struct path *from_path, const struct path *to_path);
  int (*dentry_init_security)(struct dentry *dentry, int mode,const struct qstr *name, void **ctx, u32 *ctxlen);
  int (*dentry_create_files_as)(struct dentry *dentry, int mode,struct qstr *name,const struct cred *old, struct cred *new);
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_PATH;
  int (*path_unlink)(const struct path *dir, struct dentry *dentry);
  int (*path_mkdir)(const struct path *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode);
  int (*path_rmdir)(const struct path *dir, struct dentry *dentry);
  int (*path_mknod)(const struct path *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, unsigned int dev);
  int (*path_truncate)(const struct path *path);
  int (*path_symlink)(const struct path *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *old_name);
  int (*path_link)(struct dentry *old_dentry, const struct path *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry);
  int (*path_rename)(const struct path *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,const struct path *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry);
  int (*path_chmod)(const struct path *path, umode_t mode);
  int (*path_chown)(const struct path *path, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid);
  int (*path_chroot)(const struct path *path);
#endif;
  int (*path_notify)(const struct path *path, u64 mask, unsigned int obj_type);
  int (*inode_alloc_security)(struct inode *inode);
  void (*inode_free_security)(struct inode *inode);
  int (*inode_init_security)(struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir,const struct qstr *qstr,const char **name, void **value, size_t *len);
  int (*inode_create)(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode);
  int (*inode_link)(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *new_dentry);
  int (*inode_unlink)(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry);
  int (*inode_symlink)(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *old_name);
  int (*inode_mkdir)(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode);
  int (*inode_rmdir)(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry);
  int (*inode_mknod)(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, dev_t dev);
  int (*inode_rename)(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry);
  int (*inode_readlink)(struct dentry *dentry);
  int (*inode_follow_link)(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, bool rcu);
  int (*inode_permission)(struct inode *inode, int mask);
  int (*inode_setattr)(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr);
  int (*inode_getattr)(const struct path *path);
  int (*inode_setxattr)(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags);
  void (*inode_post_setxattr)(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name,const void *value, size_t size, int flags);
  int (*inode_getxattr)(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name);
  int (*inode_listxattr)(struct dentry *dentry);
  int (*inode_removexattr)(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name);
  int (*inode_need_killpriv)(struct dentry *dentry);
  int (*inode_killpriv)(struct dentry *dentry);
  int (*inode_getsecurity)(struct inode *inode, const char *name, void **buffer, bool alloc);
  int (*inode_setsecurity)(struct inode *inode, const char *name,const void *value, size_t size, int flags);
  int (*inode_listsecurity)(struct inode *inode, char *buffer, size_t buffer_size);
  void (*inode_getsecid)(struct inode *inode, u32 *secid);
  int (*inode_copy_up)(struct dentry *src, struct cred **new);
  int (*inode_copy_up_xattr)(const char *name);
  int (*kernfs_init_security)(struct kernfs_node *kn_dir, struct kernfs_node *kn);
  int (*file_permission)(struct file *file, int mask);
  int (*file_alloc_security)(struct file *file);
  void (*file_free_security)(struct file *file);
  int (*file_ioctl)(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
  int (*mmap_addr)(unsigned long addr);
  int (*mmap_file)(struct file *file, unsigned long reqprot, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags);
  int (*file_mprotect)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long reqprot, unsigned long prot);
  int (*file_lock)(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd);
  int (*file_fcntl)(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
  void (*file_set_fowner)(struct file *file);
  int (*file_send_sigiotask)(struct task_struct *tsk, struct fown_struct *fown, int sig);
  int (*file_receive)(struct file *file);
  int (*file_open)(struct file *file);
  int (*task_alloc)(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long clone_flags);
  void (*task_free)(struct task_struct *task);
  int (*cred_alloc_blank)(struct cred *cred, gfp_t gfp);
  void (*cred_free)(struct cred *cred);
  int (*cred_prepare)(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, gfp_t gfp);
  void (*cred_transfer)(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old);
  void (*cred_getsecid)(const struct cred *c, u32 *secid);
  int (*kernel_act_as)(struct cred *new, u32 secid);
  int (*kernel_create_files_as)(struct cred *new, struct inode *inode);
  int (*kernel_module_request)(char *kmod_name);
  int (*kernel_load_data)(enum kernel_load_data_id id);
  int (*kernel_read_file)(struct file *file, enum kernel_read_file_id id);
  int (*kernel_post_read_file)(struct file *file, char *buf, loff_t size, enum kernel_read_file_id id);
  int (*task_fix_setuid)(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, int flags);
  int (*task_setpgid)(struct task_struct *p, pid_t pgid);
  int (*task_getpgid)(struct task_struct *p);
  int (*task_getsid)(struct task_struct *p);
  void (*task_getsecid)(struct task_struct *p, u32 *secid);
  int (*task_setnice)(struct task_struct *p, int nice);
  int (*task_setioprio)(struct task_struct *p, int ioprio);
  int (*task_getioprio)(struct task_struct *p);
  int (*task_prlimit)(const struct cred *cred, const struct cred *tcred, unsigned int flags);
  int (*task_setrlimit)(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int resource, struct rlimit *new_rlim);
  int (*task_setscheduler)(struct task_struct *p);
  int (*task_getscheduler)(struct task_struct *p);
  int (*task_movememory)(struct task_struct *p);
  int (*task_kill)(struct task_struct *p, struct kernel_siginfo *info, int sig, const struct cred *cred);
  int (*task_prctl)(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3, unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5);
  void (*task_to_inode)(struct task_struct *p, struct inode *inode);
  int (*ipc_permission)(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, short flag);
  void (*ipc_getsecid)(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, u32 *secid);
  int (*msg_msg_alloc_security)(struct msg_msg *msg);
  void (*msg_msg_free_security)(struct msg_msg *msg);
  int (*msg_queue_alloc_security)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm);
  void (*msg_queue_free_security)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm);
  int (*msg_queue_associate)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm, int msqflg);
  int (*msg_queue_msgctl)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm, int cmd);
  int (*msg_queue_msgsnd)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm, struct msg_msg *msg, int msqflg);
  int (*msg_queue_msgrcv)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm, struct msg_msg *msg,struct task_struct *target, long type, int mode);
  int (*shm_alloc_security)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm);
  void (*shm_free_security)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm);
  int (*shm_associate)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm, int shmflg);
  int (*shm_shmctl)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm, int cmd);
  int (*shm_shmat)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm, char __user *shmaddr, int shmflg);
  int (*sem_alloc_security)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm);
  void (*sem_free_security)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm);
  int (*sem_associate)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm, int semflg);
  int (*sem_semctl)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm, int cmd);
  int (*sem_semop)(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm, struct sembuf *sops, unsigned nsops, int alter);
  int (*netlink_send)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb);
  void (*d_instantiate)(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode);
  int (*getprocattr)(struct task_struct *p, char *name, char **value);
  int (*setprocattr)(const char *name, void *value, size_t size);
  int (*ismaclabel)(const char *name);
  int (*secid_to_secctx)(u32 secid, char **secdata, u32 *seclen);
  int (*secctx_to_secid)(const char *secdata, u32 seclen, u32 *secid);
  void (*release_secctx)(char *secdata, u32 seclen);
  void (*inode_invalidate_secctx)(struct inode *inode);
  int (*inode_notifysecctx)(struct inode *inode, void *ctx, u32 ctxlen);
  int (*inode_setsecctx)(struct dentry *dentry, void *ctx, u32 ctxlen);
  int (*inode_getsecctx)(struct inode *inode, void **ctx, u32 *ctxlen);
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK;
  int (*unix_stream_connect)(struct sock *sock, struct sock *other, struct sock *newsk);
  int (*unix_may_send)(struct socket *sock, struct socket *other);
  int (*socket_create)(int family, int type, int protocol, int kern);
  int (*socket_post_create)(struct socket *sock, int family, int type, int protocol, int kern);
  int (*socket_socketpair)(struct socket *socka, struct socket *sockb);
  int (*socket_bind)(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *address, int addrlen);
  int (*socket_connect)(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *address, int addrlen);
  int (*socket_listen)(struct socket *sock, int backlog);
  int (*socket_accept)(struct socket *sock, struct socket *newsock);
  int (*socket_sendmsg)(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, int size);
  int (*socket_recvmsg)(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, int size, int flags);
  int (*socket_getsockname)(struct socket *sock);
  int (*socket_getpeername)(struct socket *sock);
  int (*socket_getsockopt)(struct socket *sock, int level, int optname);
  int (*socket_setsockopt)(struct socket *sock, int level, int optname);
  int (*socket_shutdown)(struct socket *sock, int how);
  int (*socket_sock_rcv_skb)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb);
  int (*socket_getpeersec_stream)(struct socket *sock,char __user *optval, int __user *optlen, unsigned len);
  int (*socket_getpeersec_dgram)(struct socket *sock, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 *secid);
  int (*sk_alloc_security)(struct sock *sk, int family, gfp_t priority);
  void (*sk_free_security)(struct sock *sk);
  void (*sk_clone_security)(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk);
  void (*sk_getsecid)(struct sock *sk, u32 *secid);
  void (*sock_graft)(struct sock *sk, struct socket *parent);
  int (*inet_conn_request)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req);
  void (*inet_csk_clone)(struct sock *newsk, const struct request_sock *req);
  void (*inet_conn_established)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb);
  int (*secmark_relabel_packet)(u32 secid);
  void (*secmark_refcount_inc)(void);
  void (*secmark_refcount_dec)(void);
  void (*req_classify_flow)(const struct request_sock *req, struct flowi *fl);
  int (*tun_dev_alloc_security)(void **security);
  void (*tun_dev_free_security)(void *security);
  int (*tun_dev_create)(void);
  int (*tun_dev_attach_queue)(void *security);
  int (*tun_dev_attach)(struct sock *sk, void *security);
  int (*tun_dev_open)(void *security);
  int (*sctp_assoc_request)(struct sctp_endpoint *ep, struct sk_buff *skb);
  int (*sctp_bind_connect)(struct sock *sk, int optname, struct sockaddr *address, int addrlen);
  void (*sctp_sk_clone)(struct sctp_endpoint *ep, struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk);
#endif ;
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_INFINIBAND;
  int (*ib_pkey_access)(void *sec, u64 subnet_prefix, u16 pkey);
  int (*ib_endport_manage_subnet)(void *sec, const char *dev_name, u8 port_num);
  int (*ib_alloc_security)(void **sec);
  void (*ib_free_security)(void *sec);
#endif ;
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK_XFRM;
  int (*xfrm_policy_alloc_security)(struct xfrm_sec_ctx **ctxp,struct xfrm_user_sec_ctx *sec_ctx, gfp_t gfp);
  int (*xfrm_policy_clone_security)(struct xfrm_sec_ctx *old_ctx, struct xfrm_sec_ctx **new_ctx);
  void (*xfrm_policy_free_security)(struct xfrm_sec_ctx *ctx);
  int (*xfrm_policy_delete_security)(struct xfrm_sec_ctx *ctx);
  int (*xfrm_state_alloc)(struct xfrm_state *x, struct xfrm_user_sec_ctx *sec_ctx);
  int (*xfrm_state_alloc_acquire)(struct xfrm_state *x,struct xfrm_sec_ctx *polsec, u32 secid);
  void (*xfrm_state_free_security)(struct xfrm_state *x);
  int (*xfrm_state_delete_security)(struct xfrm_state *x);
  int (*xfrm_policy_lookup)(struct xfrm_sec_ctx *ctx, u32 fl_secid, u8 dir);
  int (*xfrm_state_pol_flow_match)(struct xfrm_state *x,struct xfrm_policy *xp, const struct flowi *fl);
  int (*xfrm_decode_session)(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 *secid, int ckall);
#endif ;
#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS;
  int (*key_alloc)(struct key *key, const struct cred *cred, unsigned long flags);
  void (*key_free)(struct key *key);
  int (*key_permission)(key_ref_t key_ref, const struct cred *cred, unsigned perm);
  int (*key_getsecurity)(struct key *key, char **_buffer);
#endif ;
#ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT;
  int (*audit_rule_init)(u32 field, u32 op, char *rulestr, void **lsmrule);
  int (*audit_rule_known)(struct audit_krule *krule);
  int (*audit_rule_match)(u32 secid, u32 field, u32 op, void *lsmrule);
  void (*audit_rule_free)(void *lsmrule);
#endif ;
#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL;
  int (*bpf)(int cmd, union bpf_attr *attr, unsigned int size);
  int (*bpf_map)(struct bpf_map *map, fmode_t fmode);
  int (*bpf_prog)(struct bpf_prog *prog);
  int (*bpf_map_alloc_security)(struct bpf_map *map);
  void (*bpf_map_free_security)(struct bpf_map *map);
  int (*bpf_prog_alloc_security)(struct bpf_prog_aux *aux);
  void (*bpf_prog_free_security)(struct bpf_prog_aux *aux);
#endif ;
  int (*locked_down)(enum lockdown_reason what);
};

Members

binder_set_context_mgr
Check whether mgr is allowed to be the binder context manager. mgr contains the task_struct for the task being registered. Return 0 if permission is granted.
binder_transaction
Check whether from is allowed to invoke a binder transaction call to to. from contains the task_struct for the sending task. to contains the task_struct for the receiving task.
binder_transfer_binder
Check whether from is allowed to transfer a binder reference to to. from contains the task_struct for the sending task. to contains the task_struct for the receiving task.
binder_transfer_file
Check whether from is allowed to transfer file to to. from contains the task_struct for the sending task. file contains the struct file being transferred. to contains the task_struct for the receiving task.
ptrace_access_check
Check permission before allowing the current process to trace the child process. Security modules may also want to perform a process tracing check during an execve in the set_security or apply_creds hooks of tracing check during an execve in the bprm_set_creds hook of binprm_security_ops if the process is being traced and its security attributes would be changed by the execve. child contains the task_struct structure for the target process. mode contains the PTRACE_MODE flags indicating the form of access. Return 0 if permission is granted.
ptrace_traceme
Check that the parent process has sufficient permission to trace the current process before allowing the current process to present itself to the parent process for tracing. parent contains the task_struct structure for debugger process. Return 0 if permission is granted.
capget
Get the effective, inheritable, and permitted capability sets for the target process. The hook may also perform permission checking to determine if the current process is allowed to see the capability sets of the target process. target contains the task_struct structure for target process. effective contains the effective capability set. inheritable contains the inheritable capability set. permitted contains the permitted capability set. Return 0 if the capability sets were successfully obtained.
capset
Set the effective, inheritable, and permitted capability sets for the current process. new contains the new credentials structure for target process. old contains the current credentials structure for target process. effective contains the effective capability set. inheritable contains the inheritable capability set. permitted contains the permitted capability set. Return 0 and update new if permission is granted.
capable
Check whether the tsk process has the cap capability in the indicated credentials. cred contains the credentials to use. ns contains the user namespace we want the capability in cap contains the capability <include/linux/capability.h>. opts contains options for the capable check <include/linux/security.h> Return 0 if the capability is granted for tsk.
syslog
Check permission before accessing the kernel message ring or changing logging to the console. See the syslog(2) manual page for an explanation of the type values. type contains the SYSLOG_ACTION_* constant from <include/linux/syslog.h> Return 0 if permission is granted.
settime
Check permission to change the system time. struct timespec64 is defined in <include/linux/time64.h> and timezone is defined in <include/linux/time.h> ts contains new time tz contains new timezone Return 0 if permission is granted.
vm_enough_memory
Check permissions for allocating a new virtual mapping. mm contains the mm struct it is being added to. pages contains the number of pages. Return 0 if permission is granted.
bprm_set_creds
Save security information in the bprm->security field, typically based on information about the bprm->file, for later use by the apply_creds hook. This hook may also optionally check permissions (e.g. for transitions between security domains). This hook may be called multiple times during a single execve, e.g. for interpreters. The hook can tell whether it has already been called by checking to see if bprm->security is non-NULL. If so, then the hook may decide either to retain the security information saved earlier or to replace it. The hook must set bprm->secureexec to 1 if a "secure exec" has happened as a result of this hook call. The flag is used to indicate the need for a sanitized execution environment, and is also passed in the ELF auxiliary table on the initial stack to indicate whether libc should enable secure mode. bprm contains the linux_binprm structure. Return 0 if the hook is successful and permission is granted.
bprm_check_security
This hook mediates the point when a search for a binary handler will begin. It allows a check the bprm->security value which is set in the preceding set_creds call. The primary difference from set_creds is that the argv list and envp list are reliably available in bprm. This hook may be called multiple times during a single execve; and in each pass set_creds is called first. bprm contains the linux_binprm structure. Return 0 if the hook is successful and permission is granted.
bprm_committing_creds
Prepare to install the new security attributes of a process being transformed by an execve operation, based on the old credentials pointed to by current->cred and the information set in bprm->cred by the bprm_set_creds hook. bprm points to the linux_binprm structure. This hook is a good place to perform state changes on the process such as closing open file descriptors to which access will no longer be granted when the attributes are changed. This is called immediately before commit_creds().
bprm_committed_creds
Tidy up after the installation of the new security attributes of a process being transformed by an execve operation. The new credentials have, by this point, been set to current->cred. bprm points to the linux_binprm structure. This hook is a good place to perform state changes on the process such as clearing out non-inheritable signal state. This is called immediately after commit_creds().
fs_context_dup
Allocate and attach a security structure to sc->security. This pointer is initialised to NULL by the caller. fc indicates the new filesystem context. src_fc indicates the original filesystem context.
fs_context_parse_param
Userspace provided a parameter to configure a superblock. The LSM may reject it with an error and may use it for itself, in which case it should return 0; otherwise it should return -ENOPARAM to pass it on to the filesystem. fc indicates the filesystem context. param The parameter
sb_alloc_security
Allocate and attach a security structure to the sb->s_security field. The s_security field is initialized to NULL when the structure is allocated. sb contains the super_block structure to be modified. Return 0 if operation was successful.
sb_free_security
Deallocate and clear the sb->s_security field. sb contains the super_block structure to be modified.
sb_remount
Extracts security system specific mount options and verifies no changes are being made to those options. sb superblock being remounted data contains the filesystem-specific data. Return 0 if permission is granted.
sb_statfs
Check permission before obtaining filesystem statistics for the mnt mountpoint. dentry is a handle on the superblock for the filesystem. Return 0 if permission is granted.
sb_mount
Check permission before an object specified by dev_name is mounted on the mount point named by nd. For an ordinary mount, dev_name identifies a device if the file system type requires a device. For a remount (flags & MS_REMOUNT), dev_name is irrelevant. For a loopback/bind mount (flags & MS_BIND), dev_name identifies the pathname of the object being mounted. dev_name contains the name for object being mounted. path contains the path for mount point object. type contains the filesystem type. flags contains the mount flags. data contains the filesystem-specific data. Return 0 if permission is granted.
sb_umount
Check permission before the mnt file system is unmounted. mnt contains the mounted file system. flags contains the unmount flags, e.g. MNT_FORCE. Return 0 if permission is granted.
sb_pivotroot
Check permission before pivoting the root filesystem. old_path contains the path for the new location of the current root (put_old). new_path contains the path for the new root (new_root). Return 0 if permission is granted.
sb_set_mnt_opts
Set the security relevant mount options used for a superblock sb the superblock to set security mount options for opts binary data structure containing all lsm mount data
sb_clone_mnt_opts
Copy all security options from a given superblock to another oldsb old superblock which contain information to clone newsb new superblock which needs filled in
move_mount
Check permission before a mount is moved. from_path indicates the mount that is going to be moved. to_path indicates the mountpoint that will be mounted upon.
dentry_init_security
Compute a context for a dentry as the inode is not yet available since NFSv4 has no label backed by an EA anyway. dentry dentry to use in calculating the context. mode mode used to determine resource type. name name of the last path component used to create file ctx pointer to place the pointer to the resulting context in. ctxlen point to place the length of the resulting context.
dentry_create_files_as
Compute a context for a dentry as the inode is not yet available and set that context in passed in creds so that new files are created using that context. Context is calculated using the passed in creds and not the creds of the caller. dentry dentry to use in calculating the context. mode mode used to determine resource type. name name of the last path component used to create file old creds which should be used for context calculation new creds to modify
path_unlink
Check the permission to remove a hard link to a file. dir contains the path structure of parent directory of the file. dentry contains the dentry structure for file to be unlinked. Return 0 if permission is granted.
path_mkdir
Check permissions to create a new directory in the existing directory associated with path structure path. dir contains the path structure of parent of the directory to be created. dentry contains the dentry structure of new directory. mode contains the mode of new directory. Return 0 if permission is granted.
path_rmdir
Check the permission to remove a directory. dir contains the path structure of parent of the directory to be removed. dentry contains the dentry structure of directory to be removed. Return 0 if permission is granted.
path_mknod
Check permissions when creating a file. Note that this hook is called even if mknod operation is being done for a regular file. dir contains the path structure of parent of the new file. dentry contains the dentry structure of the new file. mode contains the mode of the new file. dev contains the undecoded device number. Use new_decode_dev() to get the decoded device number. Return 0 if permission is granted.
path_truncate
Check permission before truncating a file. path contains the path structure for the file. Return 0 if permission is granted.
path_symlink
Check the permission to create a symbolic link to a file. dir contains the path structure of parent directory of the symbolic link. dentry contains the dentry structure of the symbolic link. old_name contains the pathname of file. Return 0 if permission is granted.
path_link
Check permission before creating a new hard link to a file. old_dentry contains the dentry structure for an existing link to the file. new_dir contains the path structure of the parent directory of the new link. new_dentry contains the dentry structure for the new link. Return 0 if permission is granted.
path_rename
Check for permission to rename a file or directory. old_dir contains the path structure for parent of the old link. old_dentry contains the dentry structure of the old link. new_dir contains the path structure for parent of the new link. new_dentry contains the dentry structure of the new link. Return 0 if permission is granted.
path_chmod
Check for permission to change a mode of the file path. The new mode is specified in mode. path contains the path structure of the file to change the mode. mode contains the new DAC's permission, which is a bitmask of constants from <include/uapi/linux/stat.h> Return 0 if permission is granted.
path_chown
Check for permission to change owner/group of a file or directory. path contains the path structure. uid contains new owner's ID. gid contains new group's ID. Return 0 if permission is granted.
path_chroot
Check for permission to change root directory. path contains the path structure. Return 0 if permission is granted.
path_notify
Check permissions before setting a watch on events as defined by mask, on an object at path, whose type is defined by obj_type.
inode_alloc_security
Allocate and attach a security structure to inode->i_security. The i_security field is initialized to NULL when the inode structure is allocated. inode contains the inode structure. Return 0 if operation was successful.
inode_free_security
inode contains the inode structure. Deallocate the inode security structure and set inode->i_security to NULL.
inode_init_security
Obtain the security attribute name suffix and value to set on a newly created inode and set up the incore security field for the new inode. This hook is called by the fs code as part of the inode creation transaction and provides for atomic labeling of the inode, unlike the post_create/mkdir/... hooks called by the VFS. The hook function is expected to allocate the name and value via kmalloc, with the caller being responsible for calling kfree after using them. If the security module does not use security attributes or does not wish to put a security attribute on this particular inode, then it should return -EOPNOTSUPP to skip this processing. inode contains the inode structure of the newly created inode. dir contains the inode structure of the parent directory. qstr contains the last path component of the new object name will be set to the allocated name suffix (e.g. selinux). value will be set to the allocated attribute value. len will be set to the length of the value. Returns 0 if name and value have been successfully set, -EOPNOTSUPP if no security attribute is needed, or -ENOMEM on memory allocation failure.
inode_create
Check permission to create a regular file. dir contains inode structure of the parent of the new file. dentry contains the dentry structure for the file to be created. mode contains the file mode of the file to be created. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_link
Check permission before creating a new hard link to a file. old_dentry contains the dentry structure for an existing link to the file. dir contains the inode structure of the parent directory of the new link. new_dentry contains the dentry structure for the new link. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_unlink
Check the permission to remove a hard link to a file. dir contains the inode structure of parent directory of the file. dentry contains the dentry structure for file to be unlinked. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_symlink
Check the permission to create a symbolic link to a file. dir contains the inode structure of parent directory of the symbolic link. dentry contains the dentry structure of the symbolic link. old_name contains the pathname of file. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_mkdir
Check permissions to create a new directory in the existing directory associated with inode structure dir. dir contains the inode structure of parent of the directory to be created. dentry contains the dentry structure of new directory. mode contains the mode of new directory. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_rmdir
Check the permission to remove a directory. dir contains the inode structure of parent of the directory to be removed. dentry contains the dentry structure of directory to be removed. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_mknod
Check permissions when creating a special file (or a socket or a fifo file created via the mknod system call). Note that if mknod operation is being done for a regular file, then the create hook will be called and not this hook. dir contains the inode structure of parent of the new file. dentry contains the dentry structure of the new file. mode contains the mode of the new file. dev contains the device number. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_rename
Check for permission to rename a file or directory. old_dir contains the inode structure for parent of the old link. old_dentry contains the dentry structure of the old link. new_dir contains the inode structure for parent of the new link. new_dentry contains the dentry structure of the new link. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_readlink
Check the permission to read the symbolic link. dentry contains the dentry structure for the file link. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_follow_link
Check permission to follow a symbolic link when looking up a pathname. dentry contains the dentry structure for the link. inode contains the inode, which itself is not stable in RCU-walk rcu indicates whether we are in RCU-walk mode. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_permission
Check permission before accessing an inode. This hook is called by the existing Linux permission function, so a security module can use it to provide additional checking for existing Linux permission checks. Notice that this hook is called when a file is opened (as well as many other operations), whereas the file_security_ops permission hook is called when the actual read/write operations are performed. inode contains the inode structure to check. mask contains the permission mask. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_setattr
Check permission before setting file attributes. Note that the kernel call to notify_change is performed from several locations, whenever file attributes change (such as when a file is truncated, chown/chmod operations, transferring disk quotas, etc). dentry contains the dentry structure for the file. attr is the iattr structure containing the new file attributes. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_getattr
Check permission before obtaining file attributes. path contains the path structure for the file. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_setxattr
Check permission before setting the extended attributes value identified by name for dentry. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_post_setxattr
Update inode security field after successful setxattr operation. value identified by name for dentry.
inode_getxattr
Check permission before obtaining the extended attributes identified by name for dentry. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_listxattr
Check permission before obtaining the list of extended attribute names for dentry. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_removexattr
Check permission before removing the extended attribute identified by name for dentry. Return 0 if permission is granted.
inode_need_killpriv
Called when an inode has been changed. dentry is the dentry being changed. Return <0 on error to abort the inode change operation. Return 0 if inode_killpriv does not need to be called. Return >0 if inode_killpriv does need to be called.
inode_killpriv
The setuid bit is being removed. Remove similar security labels. Called with the dentry->d_inode->i_mutex held. dentry is the dentry being changed. Return 0 on success. If error is returned, then the operation causing setuid bit removal is failed.
inode_getsecurity
Retrieve a copy of the extended attribute representation of the security label associated with name for inode via buffer. Note that name is the remainder of the attribute name after the security prefix has been removed. alloc is used to specify of the call should return a value via the buffer or just the value length Return size of buffer on success.
inode_setsecurity
Set the security label associated with name for inode from the extended attribute value value. size indicates the size of the value in bytes. flags may be XATTR_CREATE, XATTR_REPLACE, or 0. Note that name is the remainder of the attribute name after the security. prefix has been removed. Return 0 on success.
inode_listsecurity
Copy the extended attribute names for the security labels associated with inode into buffer. The maximum size of buffer is specified by buffer_size. buffer may be NULL to request the size of the buffer required. Returns number of bytes used/required on success.
inode_getsecid
Get the secid associated with the node. inode contains a pointer to the inode. secid contains a pointer to the location where result will be saved. In case of failure, secid will be set to zero.
inode_copy_up
A file is about to be copied up from lower layer to upper layer of overlay filesystem. Security module can prepare a set of new creds and modify as need be and return new creds. Caller will switch to new creds temporarily to create new file and release newly allocated creds. src indicates the union dentry of file that is being copied up. new pointer to pointer to return newly allocated creds. Returns 0 on success or a negative error code on error.
inode_copy_up_xattr
Filter the xattrs being copied up when a unioned file is copied up from a lower layer to the union/overlay layer. name indicates the name of the xattr. Returns 0 to accept the xattr, 1 to discard the xattr, -EOPNOTSUPP if security module does not know about attribute or a negative error code to abort the copy up. Note that the caller is responsible for reading and writing the xattrs as this hook is merely a filter.
kernfs_init_security
Initialize the security context of a newly created kernfs node based on its own and its parent's attributes.
file_permission
Check file permissions before accessing an open file. This hook is called by various operations that read or write files. A security module can use this hook to perform additional checking on these operations, e.g. to revalidate permissions on use to support privilege bracketing or policy changes. Notice that this hook is used when the actual read/write operations are performed, whereas the inode_security_ops hook is called when a file is opened (as well as many other operations). Caveat: Although this hook can be used to revalidate permissions for various system call operations that read or write files, it does not address the revalidation of permissions for memory-mapped files. Security modules must handle this separately if they need such revalidation. file contains the file structure being accessed. mask contains the requested permissions. Return 0 if permission is granted.
file_alloc_security
Allocate and attach a security structure to the file->f_security field. The security field is initialized to NULL when the structure is first created. file contains the file structure to secure. Return 0 if the hook is successful and permission is granted.
file_free_security
Deallocate and free any security structures stored in file->f_security. file contains the file structure being modified.
file_ioctl
file contains the file structure. cmd contains the operation to perform. arg contains the operational arguments. Check permission for an ioctl operation on file. Note that arg sometimes represents a user space pointer; in other cases, it may be a simple integer value. When arg represents a user space pointer, it should never be used by the security module. Return 0 if permission is granted.
mmap_addr
Check permissions for a mmap operation at addr. addr contains virtual address that will be used for the operation. Return 0 if permission is granted.
mmap_file
Check permissions for a mmap operation. The file may be NULL, e.g. if mapping anonymous memory. file contains the file structure for file to map (may be NULL). reqprot contains the protection requested by the application. prot contains the protection that will be applied by the kernel. flags contains the operational flags. Return 0 if permission is granted.
file_mprotect
Check permissions before changing memory access permissions. vma contains the memory region to modify. reqprot contains the protection requested by the application. prot contains the protection that will be applied by the kernel. Return 0 if permission is granted.
file_lock
Check permission before performing file locking operations. Note the hook mediates both flock and fcntl style locks. file contains the file structure. cmd contains the posix-translated lock operation to perform (e.g. F_RDLCK, F_WRLCK). Return 0 if permission is granted.
file_fcntl
Check permission before allowing the file operation specified by cmd from being performed on the file file. Note that arg sometimes represents a user space pointer; in other cases, it may be a simple integer value. When arg represents a user space pointer, it should never be used by the security module. file contains the file structure. cmd contains the operation to be performed. arg contains the operational arguments. Return 0 if permission is granted.
file_set_fowner
Save owner security information (typically from current->security) in file->f_security for later use by the send_sigiotask hook. file contains the file structure to update. Return 0 on success.
file_send_sigiotask
Check permission for the file owner fown to send SIGIO or SIGURG to the process tsk. Note that this hook is sometimes called from interrupt. Note that the fown_struct, fown, is never outside the context of a struct file, so the file structure (and associated security information) can always be obtained: container_of(fown, struct file, f_owner) tsk contains the structure of task receiving signal. fown contains the file owner information. sig is the signal that will be sent. When 0, kernel sends SIGIO. Return 0 if permission is granted.
file_receive
This hook allows security modules to control the ability of a process to receive an open file descriptor via socket IPC. file contains the file structure being received. Return 0 if permission is granted.
file_open
Save open-time permission checking state for later use upon file_permission, and recheck access if anything has changed since inode_permission.
task_alloc
task task being allocated. clone_flags contains the flags indicating what should be shared. Handle allocation of task-related resources. Returns a zero on success, negative values on failure.
task_free
task task about to be freed. Handle release of task-related resources. (Note that this can be called from interrupt context.)
cred_alloc_blank
cred points to the credentials. gfp indicates the atomicity of any memory allocations. Only allocate sufficient memory and attach to cred such that cred_transfer() will not get ENOMEM.
cred_free
cred points to the credentials. Deallocate and clear the cred->security field in a set of credentials.
cred_prepare
new points to the new credentials. old points to the original credentials. gfp indicates the atomicity of any memory allocations. Prepare a new set of credentials by copying the data from the old set.
cred_transfer
new points to the new credentials. old points to the original credentials. Transfer data from original creds to new creds
cred_getsecid
Retrieve the security identifier of the cred structure c c contains the credentials, secid will be placed into secid. In case of failure, secid will be set to zero.
kernel_act_as
Set the credentials for a kernel service to act as (subjective context). new points to the credentials to be modified. secid specifies the security ID to be set The current task must be the one that nominated secid. Return 0 if successful.
kernel_create_files_as
Set the file creation context in a set of credentials to be the same as the objective context of the specified inode. new points to the credentials to be modified. inode points to the inode to use as a reference. The current task must be the one that nominated inode. Return 0 if successful.
kernel_module_request
Ability to trigger the kernel to automatically upcall to userspace for userspace to load a kernel module with the given name. kmod_name name of the module requested by the kernel Return 0 if successful.
kernel_load_data
Load data provided by userspace. id kernel load data identifier Return 0 if permission is granted.
kernel_read_file
Read a file specified by userspace. file contains the file structure pointing to the file being read by the kernel. id kernel read file identifier Return 0 if permission is granted.
kernel_post_read_file
Read a file specified by userspace. file contains the file structure pointing to the file being read by the kernel. buf pointer to buffer containing the file contents. size length of the file contents. id kernel read file identifier Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_fix_setuid
Update the module's state after setting one or more of the user identity attributes of the current process. The flags parameter indicates which of the set*uid system calls invoked this hook. If new is the set of credentials that will be installed. Modifications should be made to this rather than to current->cred. old is the set of credentials that are being replaces flags contains one of the LSM_SETID_* values. Return 0 on success.
task_setpgid
Check permission before setting the process group identifier of the process p to pgid. p contains the task_struct for process being modified. pgid contains the new pgid. Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_getpgid
Check permission before getting the process group identifier of the process p. p contains the task_struct for the process. Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_getsid
Check permission before getting the session identifier of the process p. p contains the task_struct for the process. Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_getsecid
Retrieve the security identifier of the process p. p contains the task_struct for the process and place is into secid. In case of failure, secid will be set to zero.
task_setnice
Check permission before setting the nice value of p to nice. p contains the task_struct of process. nice contains the new nice value. Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_setioprio
Check permission before setting the ioprio value of p to ioprio. p contains the task_struct of process. ioprio contains the new ioprio value Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_getioprio
Check permission before getting the ioprio value of p. p contains the task_struct of process. Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_prlimit
Check permission before getting and/or setting the resource limits of another task. cred points to the cred structure for the current task. tcred points to the cred structure for the target task. flags contains the LSM_PRLIMIT_* flag bits indicating whether the resource limits are being read, modified, or both. Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_setrlimit
Check permission before setting the resource limits of process p for resource to new_rlim. The old resource limit values can be examined by dereferencing (p->signal->rlim + resource). p points to the task_struct for the target task's group leader. resource contains the resource whose limit is being set. new_rlim contains the new limits for resource. Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_setscheduler
Check permission before setting scheduling policy and/or parameters of process p. p contains the task_struct for process. Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_getscheduler
Check permission before obtaining scheduling information for process p. p contains the task_struct for process. Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_movememory
Check permission before moving memory owned by process p. p contains the task_struct for process. Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_kill
Check permission before sending signal sig to p. info can be NULL, the constant 1, or a pointer to a kernel_siginfo structure. If info is 1 or SI_FROMKERNEL(info) is true, then the signal should be viewed as coming from the kernel and should typically be permitted. SIGIO signals are handled separately by the send_sigiotask hook in file_security_ops. p contains the task_struct for process. info contains the signal information. sig contains the signal value. cred contains the cred of the process where the signal originated, or NULL if the current task is the originator. Return 0 if permission is granted.
task_prctl
Check permission before performing a process control operation on the current process. option contains the operation. arg2 contains a argument. arg3 contains a argument. arg4 contains a argument. arg5 contains a argument. Return -ENOSYS if no-one wanted to handle this op, any other value to cause prctl() to return immediately with that value.
task_to_inode
Set the security attributes for an inode based on an associated task's security attributes, e.g. for /proc/pid inodes. p contains the task_struct for the task. inode contains the inode structure for the inode.
ipc_permission
Check permissions for access to IPC ipcp contains the kernel IPC permission structure flag contains the desired (requested) permission set Return 0 if permission is granted.
ipc_getsecid
Get the secid associated with the ipc object. ipcp contains the kernel IPC permission structure. secid contains a pointer to the location where result will be saved. In case of failure, secid will be set to zero.
msg_msg_alloc_security
Allocate and attach a security structure to the msg->security field. The security field is initialized to NULL when the structure is first created. msg contains the message structure to be modified. Return 0 if operation was successful and permission is granted.
msg_msg_free_security
Deallocate the security structure for this message. msg contains the message structure to be modified.
msg_queue_alloc_security
Allocate and attach a security structure to the perm->security field. The security field is initialized to NULL when the structure is first created. perm contains the IPC permissions of the message queue. Return 0 if operation was successful and permission is granted.
msg_queue_free_security
Deallocate security field perm->security for the message queue. perm contains the IPC permissions of the message queue.
msg_queue_associate
Check permission when a message queue is requested through the msgget system call. This hook is only called when returning the message queue identifier for an existing message queue, not when a new message queue is created. perm contains the IPC permissions of the message queue. msqflg contains the operation control flags. Return 0 if permission is granted.
msg_queue_msgctl
Check permission when a message control operation specified by cmd is to be performed on the message queue with permissions perm. The perm may be NULL, e.g. for IPC_INFO or MSG_INFO. perm contains the IPC permissions of the msg queue. May be NULL. cmd contains the operation to be performed. Return 0 if permission is granted.
msg_queue_msgsnd
Check permission before a message, msg, is enqueued on the message queue with permissions perm. perm contains the IPC permissions of the message queue. msg contains the message to be enqueued. msqflg contains operational flags. Return 0 if permission is granted.
msg_queue_msgrcv
Check permission before a message, msg, is removed from the message queue. The target task structure contains a pointer to the process that will be receiving the message (not equal to the current process when inline receives are being performed). perm contains the IPC permissions of the message queue. msg contains the message destination. target contains the task structure for recipient process. type contains the type of message requested. mode contains the operational flags. Return 0 if permission is granted.
shm_alloc_security
Allocate and attach a security structure to the perm->security field. The security field is initialized to NULL when the structure is first created. perm contains the IPC permissions of the shared memory structure. Return 0 if operation was successful and permission is granted.
shm_free_security
Deallocate the security structure perm->security for the memory segment. perm contains the IPC permissions of the shared memory structure.
shm_associate
Check permission when a shared memory region is requested through the shmget system call. This hook is only called when returning the shared memory region identifier for an existing region, not when a new shared memory region is created. perm contains the IPC permissions of the shared memory structure. shmflg contains the operation control flags. Return 0 if permission is granted.
shm_shmctl
Check permission when a shared memory control operation specified by cmd is to be performed on the shared memory region with permissions perm. The perm may be NULL, e.g. for IPC_INFO or SHM_INFO. perm contains the IPC permissions of the shared memory structure. cmd contains the operation to be performed. Return 0 if permission is granted.
shm_shmat
Check permissions prior to allowing the shmat system call to attach the shared memory segment with permissions perm to the data segment of the calling process. The attaching address is specified by shmaddr. perm contains the IPC permissions of the shared memory structure. shmaddr contains the address to attach memory region to. shmflg contains the operational flags. Return 0 if permission is granted.
sem_alloc_security
Allocate and attach a security structure to the perm->security field. The security field is initialized to NULL when the structure is first created. perm contains the IPC permissions of the semaphore. Return 0 if operation was successful and permission is granted.
sem_free_security
Deallocate security structure perm->security for the semaphore. perm contains the IPC permissions of the semaphore.
sem_associate
Check permission when a semaphore is requested through the semget system call. This hook is only called when returning the semaphore identifier for an existing semaphore, not when a new one must be created. perm contains the IPC permissions of the semaphore. semflg contains the operation control flags. Return 0 if permission is granted.
sem_semctl
Check permission when a semaphore operation specified by cmd is to be performed on the semaphore. The perm may be NULL, e.g. for IPC_INFO or SEM_INFO. perm contains the IPC permissions of the semaphore. May be NULL. cmd contains the operation to be performed. Return 0 if permission is granted.
sem_semop
Check permissions before performing operations on members of the semaphore set. If the alter flag is nonzero, the semaphore set may be modified. perm contains the IPC permissions of the semaphore. sops contains the operations to perform. nsops contains the number of operations to perform. alter contains the flag indicating whether changes are to be made. Return 0 if permission is granted.
netlink_send
Save security information for a netlink message so that permission checking can be performed when the message is processed. The security information can be saved using the eff_cap field of the netlink_skb_parms structure. Also may be used to provide fine grained control over message transmission. sk associated sock of task sending the message. skb contains the sk_buff structure for the netlink message. Return 0 if the information was successfully saved and message is allowed to be transmitted.
ismaclabel
Check if the extended attribute specified by name represents a MAC label. Returns 1 if name is a MAC attribute otherwise returns 0. name full extended attribute name to check against LSM as a MAC label.
secid_to_secctx
Convert secid to security context. If secdata is NULL the length of the result will be returned in seclen, but no secdata will be returned. This does mean that the length could change between calls to check the length and the next call which actually allocates and returns the secdata. secid contains the security ID. secdata contains the pointer that stores the converted security context. seclen pointer which contains the length of the data
secctx_to_secid
Convert security context to secid. secid contains the pointer to the generated security ID. secdata contains the security context.
release_secctx
Release the security context. secdata contains the security context. seclen contains the length of the security context.
inode_invalidate_secctx
Notify the security module that it must revalidate the security context of an inode.
inode_notifysecctx
Notify the security module of what the security context of an inode should be. Initializes the incore security context managed by the security module for this inode. Example usage: NFS client invokes this hook to initialize the security context in its incore inode to the value provided by the server for the file when the server returned the file's attributes to the client. Must be called with inode->i_mutex locked. inode we wish to set the security context of. ctx contains the string which we wish to set in the inode. ctxlen contains the length of ctx.
inode_setsecctx
Change the security context of an inode. Updates the incore security context managed by the security module and invokes the fs code as needed (via __vfs_setxattr_noperm) to update any backing xattrs that represent the context. Example usage: NFS server invokes this hook to change the security context in its incore inode and on the backing filesystem to a value provided by the client on a SETATTR operation. Must be called with inode->i_mutex locked. dentry contains the inode we wish to set the security context of. ctx contains the string which we wish to set in the inode. ctxlen contains the length of ctx.
inode_getsecctx
On success, returns 0 and fills out ctx and ctxlen with the security context for the given inode. inode we wish to get the security context of. ctx is a pointer in which to place the allocated security context. ctxlen points to the place to put the length of ctx.
unix_stream_connect
Check permissions before establishing a Unix domain stream connection between sock and other. sock contains the sock structure. other contains the peer sock structure. newsk contains the new sock structure. Return 0 if permission is granted.
unix_may_send
Check permissions before connecting or sending datagrams from sock to other. sock contains the socket structure. other contains the peer socket structure. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_create
Check permissions prior to creating a new socket. family contains the requested protocol family. type contains the requested communications type. protocol contains the requested protocol. kern set to 1 if a kernel socket. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_post_create
This hook allows a module to update or allocate a per-socket security structure. Note that the security field was not added directly to the socket structure, but rather, the socket security information is stored in the associated inode. Typically, the inode alloc_security hook will allocate and and attach security information to SOCK_INODE(sock)->i_security. This hook may be used to update the SOCK_INODE(sock)->i_security field with additional information that wasn't available when the inode was allocated. sock contains the newly created socket structure. family contains the requested protocol family. type contains the requested communications type. protocol contains the requested protocol. kern set to 1 if a kernel socket.
socket_socketpair
Check permissions before creating a fresh pair of sockets. socka contains the first socket structure. sockb contains the second socket structure. Return 0 if permission is granted and the connection was established.
socket_bind
Check permission before socket protocol layer bind operation is performed and the socket sock is bound to the address specified in the address parameter. sock contains the socket structure. address contains the address to bind to. addrlen contains the length of address. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_connect
Check permission before socket protocol layer connect operation attempts to connect socket sock to a remote address, address. sock contains the socket structure. address contains the address of remote endpoint. addrlen contains the length of address. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_listen
Check permission before socket protocol layer listen operation. sock contains the socket structure. backlog contains the maximum length for the pending connection queue. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_accept
Check permission before accepting a new connection. Note that the new socket, newsock, has been created and some information copied to it, but the accept operation has not actually been performed. sock contains the listening socket structure. newsock contains the newly created server socket for connection. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_sendmsg
Check permission before transmitting a message to another socket. sock contains the socket structure. msg contains the message to be transmitted. size contains the size of message. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_recvmsg
Check permission before receiving a message from a socket. sock contains the socket structure. msg contains the message structure. size contains the size of message structure. flags contains the operational flags. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_getsockname
Check permission before the local address (name) of the socket object sock is retrieved. sock contains the socket structure. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_getpeername
Check permission before the remote address (name) of a socket object sock is retrieved. sock contains the socket structure. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_getsockopt
Check permissions before retrieving the options associated with socket sock. sock contains the socket structure. level contains the protocol level to retrieve option from. optname contains the name of option to retrieve. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_setsockopt
Check permissions before setting the options associated with socket sock. sock contains the socket structure. level contains the protocol level to set options for. optname contains the name of the option to set. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_shutdown
Checks permission before all or part of a connection on the socket sock is shut down. sock contains the socket structure. how contains the flag indicating how future sends and receives are handled. Return 0 if permission is granted.
socket_sock_rcv_skb
Check permissions on incoming network packets. This hook is distinct from Netfilter's IP input hooks since it is the first time that the incoming sk_buff skb has been associated with a particular socket, sk. Must not sleep inside this hook because some callers hold spinlocks. sk contains the sock (not socket) associated with the incoming sk_buff. skb contains the incoming network data.
socket_getpeersec_stream
This hook allows the security module to provide peer socket security state for unix or connected tcp sockets to userspace via getsockopt SO_GETPEERSEC. For tcp sockets this can be meaningful if the socket is associated with an ipsec SA. sock is the local socket. optval userspace memory where the security state is to be copied. optlen userspace int where the module should copy the actual length of the security state. len as input is the maximum length to copy to userspace provided by the caller. Return 0 if all is well, otherwise, typical getsockopt return values.
socket_getpeersec_dgram
This hook allows the security module to provide peer socket security state for udp sockets on a per-packet basis to userspace via getsockopt SO_GETPEERSEC. The application must first have indicated the IP_PASSSEC option via getsockopt. It can then retrieve the security state returned by this hook for a packet via the SCM_SECURITY ancillary message type. sock contains the peer socket. May be NULL. skb is the sk_buff for the packet being queried. May be NULL. secid pointer to store the secid of the packet. Return 0 on success, error on failure.
sk_alloc_security
Allocate and attach a security structure to the sk->sk_security field, which is used to copy security attributes between local stream sockets.
sk_free_security
Deallocate security structure.
sk_clone_security
Clone/copy security structure.
sk_getsecid
Retrieve the LSM-specific secid for the sock to enable caching of network authorizations.
sock_graft
Sets the socket's isec sid to the sock's sid.
inet_conn_request
Sets the openreq's sid to socket's sid with MLS portion taken from peer sid.
inet_csk_clone
Sets the new child socket's sid to the openreq sid.
inet_conn_established
Sets the connection's peersid to the secmark on skb.
secmark_relabel_packet
check if the process should be allowed to relabel packets to the given secid
secmark_refcount_inc
tells the LSM to increment the number of secmark labeling rules loaded
secmark_refcount_dec
tells the LSM to decrement the number of secmark labeling rules loaded
req_classify_flow
Sets the flow's sid to the openreq sid.
tun_dev_alloc_security
This hook allows a module to allocate a security structure for a TUN device. security pointer to a security structure pointer. Returns a zero on success, negative values on failure.
tun_dev_free_security
This hook allows a module to free the security structure for a TUN device. security pointer to the TUN device's security structure
tun_dev_create
Check permissions prior to creating a new TUN device.
tun_dev_attach_queue
Check permissions prior to attaching to a TUN device queue. security pointer to the TUN device's security structure.
tun_dev_attach
This hook can be used by the module to update any security state associated with the TUN device's sock structure. sk contains the existing sock structure. security pointer to the TUN device's security structure.
tun_dev_open
This hook can be used by the module to update any security state associated with the TUN device's security structure. security pointer to the TUN devices's security structure.
sctp_assoc_request
Passes the ep and chunk->skb of the association INIT packet to the security module. ep pointer to sctp endpoint structure. skb pointer to skbuff of association packet. Return 0 on success, error on failure.
sctp_bind_connect
Validiate permissions required for each address associated with sock sk. Depending on optname, the addresses will be treated as either for a connect or bind service. The addrlen is calculated on each ipv4 and ipv6 address using sizeof(struct sockaddr_in) or sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6). sk pointer to sock structure. optname name of the option to validate. address list containing one or more ipv4/ipv6 addresses. addrlen total length of address(s). Return 0 on success, error on failure.
sctp_sk_clone
Called whenever a new socket is created by accept(2) (i.e. a TCP style socket) or when a socket is 'peeled off' e.g userspace calls sctp_peeloff(3). ep pointer to current sctp endpoint structure. sk pointer to current sock structure. sk pointer to new sock structure.
ib_pkey_access
Check permission to access a pkey when modifing a QP. subnet_prefix the subnet prefix of the port being used. pkey the pkey to be accessed. sec pointer to a security structure.
ib_endport_manage_subnet
Check permissions to send and receive SMPs on a end port. dev_name the IB device name (i.e. mlx4_0). port_num the port number. sec pointer to a security structure.
ib_alloc_security
Allocate a security structure for Infiniband objects. sec pointer to a security structure pointer. Returns 0 on success, non-zero on failure
ib_free_security
Deallocate an Infiniband security structure. sec contains the security structure to be freed.
xfrm_policy_alloc_security
ctxp is a pointer to the xfrm_sec_ctx being added to Security Policy Database used by the XFRM system. sec_ctx contains the security context information being provided by the user-level policy update program (e.g., setkey). Allocate a security structure to the xp->security field; the security field is initialized to NULL when the xfrm_policy is allocated. Return 0 if operation was successful (memory to allocate, legal context) gfp is to specify the context for the allocation
xfrm_policy_clone_security
old_ctx contains an existing xfrm_sec_ctx. new_ctxp contains a new xfrm_sec_ctx being cloned from old. Allocate a security structure in new_ctxp that contains the information from the old_ctx structure. Return 0 if operation was successful (memory to allocate).
xfrm_policy_free_security
ctx contains the xfrm_sec_ctx Deallocate xp->security.
xfrm_policy_delete_security
ctx contains the xfrm_sec_ctx. Authorize deletion of xp->security.
xfrm_state_alloc
x contains the xfrm_state being added to the Security Association Database by the XFRM system. sec_ctx contains the security context information being provided by the user-level SA generation program (e.g., setkey or racoon). Allocate a security structure to the x->security field; the security field is initialized to NULL when the xfrm_state is allocated. Set the context to correspond to sec_ctx. Return 0 if operation was successful (memory to allocate, legal context).
xfrm_state_alloc_acquire
x contains the xfrm_state being added to the Security Association Database by the XFRM system. polsec contains the policy's security context. secid contains the secid from which to take the mls portion of the context. Allocate a security structure to the x->security field; the security field is initialized to NULL when the xfrm_state is allocated. Set the context to correspond to secid. Return 0 if operation was successful (memory to allocate, legal context).
xfrm_state_free_security
x contains the xfrm_state. Deallocate x->security.
xfrm_state_delete_security
x contains the xfrm_state. Authorize deletion of x->security.
xfrm_policy_lookup
ctx contains the xfrm_sec_ctx for which the access control is being checked. fl_secid contains the flow security label that is used to authorize access to the policy xp. dir contains the direction of the flow (input or output). Check permission when a flow selects a xfrm_policy for processing XFRMs on a packet. The hook is called when selecting either a per-socket policy or a generic xfrm policy. Return 0 if permission is granted, -ESRCH otherwise, or -errno on other errors.
xfrm_state_pol_flow_match
x contains the state to match. xp contains the policy to check for a match. fl contains the flow to check for a match. Return 1 if there is a match.
xfrm_decode_session
skb points to skb to decode. secid points to the flow key secid to set. ckall says if all xfrms used should be checked for same secid. Return 0 if ckall is zero or all xfrms used have the same secid.
key_alloc
Permit allocation of a key and assign security data. Note that key does not have a serial number assigned at this point. key points to the key. flags is the allocation flags Return 0 if permission is granted, -ve error otherwise.
key_free
Notification of destruction; free security data. key points to the key. No return value.
key_permission
See whether a specific operational right is granted to a process on a key. key_ref refers to the key (key pointer + possession attribute bit). cred points to the credentials to provide the context against which to evaluate the security data on the key. perm describes the combination of permissions required of this key. Return 0 if permission is granted, -ve error otherwise.
key_getsecurity
Get a textual representation of the security context attached to a key for the purposes of honouring KEYCTL_GETSECURITY. This function allocates the storage for the NUL-terminated string and the caller should free it. key points to the key to be queried. _buffer points to a pointer that should be set to point to the resulting string (if no label or an error occurs). Return the length of the string (including terminating NUL) or -ve if an error. May also return 0 (and a NULL buffer pointer) if there is no label.
audit_rule_init
Allocate and initialize an LSM audit rule structure. field contains the required Audit action. Fields flags are defined in <include/linux/audit.h> op contains the operator the rule uses. rulestr contains the context where the rule will be applied to. lsmrule contains a pointer to receive the result. Return 0 if lsmrule has been successfully set, -EINVAL in case of an invalid rule.
audit_rule_known
Specifies whether given krule contains any fields related to current LSM. krule contains the audit rule of interest. Return 1 in case of relation found, 0 otherwise.
audit_rule_match
Determine if given secid matches a rule previously approved by audit_rule_known. secid contains the security id in question. field contains the field which relates to current LSM. op contains the operator that will be used for matching. lrule points to the audit rule that will be checked against. Return 1 if secid matches the rule, 0 if it does not, -ERRNO on failure.
audit_rule_free
Deallocate the LSM audit rule structure previously allocated by audit_rule_init. lsmrule contains the allocated rule
bpf
Do a initial check for all bpf syscalls after the attribute is copied into the kernel. The actual security module can implement their own rules to check the specific cmd they need.
bpf_map
Do a check when the kernel generate and return a file descriptor for eBPF maps.
bpf_prog
Do a check when the kernel generate and return a file descriptor for eBPF programs.
bpf_map_alloc_security
Initialize the security field inside bpf map.
bpf_map_free_security
Clean up the security information stored inside bpf map.
bpf_prog_alloc_security
Initialize the security field inside bpf program.
bpf_prog_free_security
Clean up the security information stored inside bpf prog.

Description

Security hooks for program execution operations.

Security hooks for mount using fs_context.
[See also Documentation/filesystems/mount_api.txt]

Security hooks for filesystem operations.

Security hooks for inode operations.

Security hooks for kernfs node operations

kn_dir the parent kernfs node kn the new child kernfs node

Security hooks for file operations

Security hooks for task operations.

Security hooks for Netlink messaging.

Security hooks for Unix domain networking.

The unix_stream_connect and unix_may_send hooks were necessary because Linux provides an alternative to the conventional file name space for Unix domain sockets. Whereas binding and connecting to sockets in the file name space is mediated by the typical file permissions (and caught by the mknod and permission hooks in inode_security_ops), binding and connecting to sockets in the abstract name space is completely unmediated. Sufficient control of Unix domain sockets in the abstract name space isn't possible using only the socket layer hooks, since we need to know the actual target socket, which is not looked up until we are inside the af_unix code.

Security hooks for socket operations.

Security hooks for SCTP

Security hooks for Infiniband

Security hooks for XFRM operations.

Security hooks affecting all Key Management operations

Security hooks affecting all System V IPC operations.

Security hooks for individual messages held in System V IPC message queues Security hooks for System V IPC Message Queues

Security hooks for System V Shared Memory Segments

Security hooks for System V Semaphores

Security hooks for Audit

Security hooks for using the eBPF maps and programs functionalities through eBPF syscalls.

locked_down
Determine whether a kernel feature that potentially enables arbitrary code execution in kernel space should be permitted.