Kernel driver via686a¶
Via VT82C686A, VT82C686B Southbridge Integrated Hardware Monitor
Addresses scanned: ISA in PCI-space encoded address
Datasheet: On request through web form (http://www.via.com.tw/en/resources/download-center/)
Set the I/O base address. Useful for boards that don’t set the address in the BIOS. Look for a BIOS upgrade before resorting to this. Does not do a PCI force; the via686a must still be present in lspci. Don’t use this unless the driver complains that the base address is not set. Example: ‘modprobe via686a force_addr=0x6000’
The driver does not distinguish between the chips and reports all as a 686A.
The Via 686a southbridge has integrated hardware monitor functionality. It also has an I2C bus, but this driver only supports the hardware monitor. For the I2C bus driver, see <file:Documentation/i2c/busses/i2c-viapro.rst>
The Via 686a implements three temperature sensors, two fan rotation speed sensors, five voltage sensors and alarms.
Temperatures are measured in degrees Celsius. An alarm is triggered once when the Overtemperature Shutdown limit is crossed; it is triggered again as soon as it drops below the hysteresis value.
Fan rotation speeds are reported in RPM (rotations per minute). An alarm is triggered if the rotation speed has dropped below a programmable limit. Fan readings can be divided by a programmable divider (1, 2, 4 or 8) to give the readings more range or accuracy. Not all RPM values can accurately be represented, so some rounding is done. With a divider of 2, the lowest representable value is around 2600 RPM.
Voltage sensors (also known as IN sensors) report their values in volts. An alarm is triggered if the voltage has crossed a programmable minimum or maximum limit. Voltages are internally scalled, so each voltage channel has a different resolution and range.
If an alarm triggers, it will remain triggered until the hardware register is read at least once. This means that the cause for the alarm may already have disappeared! Note that in the current implementation, all hardware registers are read whenever any data is read (unless it is less than 1.5 seconds since the last update). This means that you can easily miss once-only alarms.
The driver only updates its values each 1.5 seconds; reading it more often will do no harm, but will return ‘old’ values.
This driver handles sensors integrated in some VIA south bridges. It is possible that a motherboard maker used a VT82C686A/B chip as part of a product design but was not interested in its hardware monitoring features, in which case the sensor inputs will not be wired. This is the case of the Asus K7V, A7V and A7V133 motherboards, to name only a few of them. So, if you need the force_addr parameter, and end up with values which don’t seem to make any sense, don’t look any further: your chip is simply not wired for hardware monitoring.